Part of the show Geology of Natural Disasters, Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Les in Over asked:
I think I'm right in saying that diamonds are produced by some volcanoes. Why?
They are certainly produced due to volcanic action. Diamonds are formed in diatreme pipes, which are a kind of very steep sided vent down into the Earth. This provides the very high pressure and temperature that diamonds need to form. So it's more of a drilling downwards effect than a coming up and exploding out of a volcano effect. You need the high temperatures, but principally you need the high pressures as well.