Tom, Wales asked:
Why can't dogs watch CRT-style TVs? Can they see the images on LCD and LED TVs?
We posed this question to David Williams, an Ophthalmologist at Cambridge Vet School...
David: - When we look at a picture on TV or the film in the cinema, it seems that we are seeing a complete flowing image. But actually, what we’re looking at is lots of individual frames. They seem to flow together because our eyes don't notice the change from one image to the next. Old fashioned TVs and films produce images at about 24 frames every second and that’s fine for people because we have what we called a ‘flicker fusion frequency’ how quick the image needs to change of about 16 to 20 times a second. But when we looked at dogs, we looked at them behaviourally. It’s shown that their flicker fusion frequency is a lot higher than ours, maybe 40 to 80 frames a second. That means that when a dog’s looking at an old fashioned TV or a movie, it would see it to be flickering a lot.
If you look at modern plasma screens and digital TVs, they renew their images a lot faster, maybe up to a thousand times a second. So theoretically, our pets should be able to see things a lot better on more modern TVs, but that’s just a theory. Science needs the evidence, doesn’t it? What’s the evidence? If you type in dog watching TV onto YouTube online, you’ll find nearly 4,000 results and most of them will convince you that actually, most dogs certainly react to animals easily on a TV screen, sometimes quite dramatically. But of course there, the trouble is we don't know what sort of TV is being used, do we? And how much do other confounding variables will say – things like sound that the animal might be reacting to rather than just the pictures. So it’s not much of a controlled experiment. But just watching the reaction of the dogs on those video clips on YouTube shows to my mind convincingly that dogs are reacting to what they see on TV even if we can't be quite sure what they're seeing. You know what? I’d like to say, if you've put a dog or a cat that loves watching TV and lives very near Cambridge, would you contact me? David Williams at Cambridge Vet School so we can do a bit more research to look further into this in a bit more controlled way.
Diana: - It seems likely that dogs can watch new, high refreshed rates televisions. I'm probable that old CRT TVs would simply have appeared too flickery for them to make out a moving image. And on the forum, JP said that their dog would certainly react to seeing and hearing another on a CRT screen. So much so that she tries to run around the back of the TV to find the other dog.
I had a dog that used to watch a CRT television. I've heard dogs can't see images on the screen the same way we can (the color and frame rate are designed for human eyes, after all), but she was certainly entertained by what she saw and heard. I do remember that if a dog was on screen, she'd jump up and bark, then run around to the back of the television trying to find the other dog. jpetruccelli, Tue, 15th Jun 2010
That's a great story - unfortunately I couldn't get hold of the journal article to read the real science rather than the journalistic news hype, but it certainly sounds interesting.
Thanks - and the image is hilarious! chris, Thu, 17th Jun 2010
We've got two dogs. One, a mellow yellow lab, absolutely ignores the television. The other, an Australian Shepard mix, once almost destroyed the set while watching a show about sheep (Sorry Neil). This dog gets excited when it sees any animals on the telly (both a CRT and a plasma). Bass, Fri, 18th Jun 2010
Thanks Bass, this vindicates me in a discussion we were having in the office about this; I said that my mother's black labrador goes nuts when a dog appears on her television (which is a CRT-based set). Everyone else scoffed and suggested that it was because of sounds accompanying the pictures; but if you have one dog that ignores the telly and another that simultaneously responds to it, this suggests it's more to do with the ability of the animals to see what's on the screen.
Some dogs apparently misinterpret their reflection as another dog (even in a TV screen) so there is visual recognition: it's not just sound of dog on TV. RD, Sat, 19th Jun 2010
No, the instances to which I am referring are definitely not like this; in all cases our dog did not move his position and had been paying little attention to the TV until another dog appeared on the screen, running along in the background; at this point he went mad. Other animals appearing on-screen did not receive the same treatment, indicating that the response appears to be dog-specific.
One afternoon I was at my friends house with my new video camcorder. I took some footage of his Shepard collie playing catching Frisbee nose coming up to the camera etc with full sound.
This video is amazing, so the dog really understands what he is watching on tv… guys its hilarious truly magnificent and mind blowing…. He is selectively reacting to what is on the screen. It is sort of like a human being which is trying to see 3D TV by means of those old blue and red glasses… truly amazing!!
i can find an exact and nice explnation from mr. David Williams. thank you sir. bikash, Sun, 15th Aug 2010
My dog responds to dogs on both CRT screens and digital TV screens even when the sound is off. She paws the screen, barks, then runs behind the TV to see if the dog is there. She can also distinguish dogs from other four-legged animals such as horses, deer and cats. In the latter cases, she approaches the screen, watches intently but quietly until she is satisfied that it is not a dog on the TV. She responds 100% of the time when there is a dog on screen. Carole, Thu, 9th Dec 2010
I am currently designing an experiment for my BSc Animal Management dissertation to determine if dogs can learn from a demonstrator dog they see on television. I'd love any input:) Tansy Pye, Tue, 12th Feb 2013
I have two dogs at home. One of them, a rotweiller completely ignores the television. But the other, a Vizsla loves watching tv. She reacts to all animals she sees. When a dog or cat appears on the screen, she will jump off the sofa and bark and try to 'catch' the animal on the screen. She also loves watching children comics. The funniest time was when my two grandchildren were sitting in front of the tv, with my Maya sitting between them , watching a comic and all three heads would follow the action at the same time. When watching a nature program one day about tigers , when she saw them on the screen she started whining and acting scared , and sat close to me the whole time. I do believe that some dogs see what is on the screen. I also had a Great Dane who would try to follow the flight of birds on the screen trying to see where they had gone in the room , or run behind the television to see if the dog she had seen on the screen was outside. Michelle Deschamps, Thu, 21st Mar 2013
For dogs and cats a CRT would probably be like staring at a lightbulb. For best results I've found the LED tv's to get the most dramatic visual responses with the volume turned off. For example: load up a high speed video of black and white pong and turn off the volume midway. So far I've seen 6 dogs and 4 cats track the pong ball on an LED screen. Not so successful with other types. CRT screen has almost no success in the animals tracking the movement of the ball. I've since turned the brightness and contrast down quite a bit and my dog watches movies with me now like he never has before. He enjoys the action scenes but still ignores the human drama. dasgrim, Thu, 29th May 2014
I can't use the wii with my dog in the room, because he tries to eat the finger pointer on the screen. Opens his mouth and sacks his face into the screen wherever the pointer is at, even on mute. So he definitely sees it. Cm, Mon, 1st Dec 2014
My Cavalier King Charles spaniel barks at every dog, cat, child and wildlife on my HD LED TV. When visiting my mother, who has an old CRT TV, he responds to nothing, even though it is at his height and he lays on the floor right in front of it. Lalley, Fri, 17th Apr 2015