Science Questions

Why does dried cereal stick to the bowl?

Sat, 4th Jun 2011

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Slack, Steve asked:

I have a question,


Why is weetabix so hard to get off the plate once it has dried?


Steve Slack




We put this to Peter Belton, Professor of chemistry at the University of East Anglia...

Peter -   The question was why does cereal stick to plates and cups and so on when itís dry?  Itís to do with the starch.  Starch is essentially a glue.  So that like any glue, it will stick things to other things.  The reason starch is a glue is that itís a polymer.  That means that itís very long and it has many ways of attaching itself to a surface.  So when the cereal is wet, the starch sits on the surface and as it dries, the polymer gets stiffer, so itís harder and harder to pull the cereal off.  When itís very dry, itís a bit like a piece of concrete and so, it sticks very hard.  If you soak the material and leave it for a while, the polymers will soften up and get to be able to move again, and you'll be able to pull them off.

(c) Stevage @ wikipedia" alt="Four Weet-bix in a bowl" />Diana -   And are there any practical applications for this property?

Peter -   Well itís used in paper paste for example and I don't know what children do at school now but when I was a kid at school, we use to make glue out of starch and water and stick things together with it.  I suppose if you're desperate and you need to stick two things together, a bit of flour and water paste will actually work.

Dominic -   So the starch in the weetabix is made up of very long molecules.  These are suspended in the milk and tangle with each other, but as the milk dries out, starch settles onto the surface of the bowl where the parts of the starch molecule wedge themselves into microscope nooks and crannies on the bowlís surface.  So now, not only are they tangled around each other, but they're also hooked into the surface of the bowl.  Once itís dry, itís much harder for them to move to untangle themselves.  So they form the equivalent of concrete made out of cereal.  So, if you want to do the washing up without a chisel, you first have to soak the bowl, re-suspending the starch, and then the molecules can move past one another and you can scrub the bowl clean.


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Flour and water makes glue ...

RD, Mon, 30th May 2011

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