Science News

Earliest grave flowers found

Thu, 4th Jul 2013

Kat Arney

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When it comes to ceremonies around death – and in particular the significance Common Hawthorn flowers.of flowers - it turns out that our ancestors were not so different from us. New research from an international team led by Israeli archaeologists has now revealed the earliest human graves that show definite evidence of being scattered with flowers, dating them back to between 13,700 and 11,700 years ago. That’s roughly around the end of the last major ice age.

There are older burial sites around the world – in some cases from tens of thousands of years ago - but they’re more commonly for just a few people, and aren’t thought to be places where bodies were regularly and ceremonially buried.  These burial sites are in northern Israel, next to the Mediterranean. They’re known as Natufian sites and are the earliest cemeteries we know about so far. 

Researchers have been studying them for a while, and have found more than 450 bodies buried across a number of sites. Now a new analysis of the graves, published in the journal PNAS from Dani Nadel and his colleagues, shows that they contain impressions of a range of local plants, including herbs such as sage and mint, made in the soft mud lining that had been put into the grave. These plants flower early in the year and are prettily coloured and strongly fragranced, so probably would have been used at spring or early summer burials.  The scientists also found evidence of chiselling in caves that were part of the cemetery, suggesting that burial was an important, planned and sophisticated ritual.

This research tells us more about what the human culture was like around that time. Flowers are important in culture worldwide, and have a lot of emotional and spiritual meanings. At the time the Natufians lived, their world was in turmoil, as the environment was changing fast and the population was growing. Perhaps rituals like these elaborate burials helped to bring social groups together, and helped to strengthen their society – much like they still do for us modern humans today.



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So what would one put on a flower's grave? chris, Fri, 5th Jul 2013

That is quite a story man..certainly a breakthrough..if we go really back in the history there is much more to it than we already know.. Matildasmith, Sat, 6th Jul 2013

It is highly likely that early humans copied many things from other hominids

We probably copied fire, flowers on graves, jewelery, music and art as well as many other things

It is highly doubtful that humans invented any of the these basic things. Copied yes, reinvented yes, Originated probably not.

Remember humans where among the last intelligent species to arrive on earth....we only started walking alone in the last 30,000 years or so. Before this time we shared the planet with several other species like us. Those species predate us and exhibited some of the  technology and culture we still use to this day.

The first animal to intentionally use fire may have been a dinosaur. Something like a Utah raptor has the brains and the may on occasion have smoked out its prey and then proceeded to club it or spear it to death with the nearest implement ....while this is 99.99% speculation i use it to highlight a point. Bipedal creatures with hands and arms are thin on the ground to day, but many species far dumber than us evolved tool using instincts and simplistic tool using intelligence. 

This has some bearing on the OP. Any animal with long term memory, particularly social animals are capable of developing and acquiring culture either from their own kin or though interaction and observation of other species.

Symbiotic behavior is rampant, even if much of it is merely unintended consequences.

When biological computers collide 'interesting things happen'

Flowers for the grave

Food for thought

If not quite a Raptorian cooking pot

galaxysim, Sat, 6th Jul 2013

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