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Author Topic: What substances exist as a gas, liquid and solid between 0-100 Celsius?  (Read 10590 times)

Offline neilep

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Dear Matters-Of-State experts !

Here is an ice cube:


it's SOLID !

Here is some water :

it's LIQUID !

Here is some steam:

it's GAS !

All of this happens within the scale from 0 degrees C to 100 degree C

Is there any other substance that can exist (in all three states) within this temperature range ?


ALSO....do other 'things' that can exist in these states of matter all do so within a similar temperate range as good old H2O ?


THANK EWE




« Last Edit: 16/06/2014 09:44:24 by chris »


 

Offline DrDick

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Two substances that come immediately to my mind are:
  benzene is a liquid from 5 C to 80 C
  SO3 is a liquid from 17 C (depending on form) to 45 C

SO3 is actually an interesting (read "dangerous") material to work with partially because the molecular SO3 (with its 17 C melting point) slowly changes to a more stable polymeric form (with a melting point of 62 C) below about 35 C.  You might imagine that there could be difficulties melting a material with a melting point of 62 C and a boiling point of 45 C.  You'd be right - the difficulty is that the bottle has a tendency to explode because of the incredible rise in pressure inside the bottle.

As a result, it's important to keep SO3 as a liquid (roughly between 35-45 C).  If it ever turns into a solid, there's an excellent chance that it is in the more stable solid form, and you do NOT want to try melting it.

To answer your other question, different materials will have different liquid ranges.  Nitrogen, for example, is a liquid between -210 C and -196 C (a 16 C range).  Aluminum (or aluminium for you in the rest of the world) is a liquid between 660 C and 2519 C (a 1859 C range).

Dick
 

Offline lightarrow

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Is there any other substance that can exist (in all three states) within this temperature range ?
ALSO....do other 'things' that can exist in these states of matter all do so within a similar temperate range as good old H2O ?
Acetic acid melts at 17C and boils at 118C.
 

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