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Author Topic: How much pollution does a volcano produce?  (Read 27291 times)

Darwin Teague

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How much pollution does a volcano produce?
« on: 15/06/2008 13:41:43 »
How much pollution does a volcano produce? Iíve heard that a volcanoes spew out as much pollution as all the cars that have ever been put on Earth combined but how much pollution does a volcano produce when it erupts?
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« Last Edit: 18/06/2008 09:34:50 by BenV »

Bass

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Re: How much pollution does a volcano produce?
« Reply #1 on: 16/06/2008 05:11:24 »
What you've heard is true.

Beside particulate (ash and other particles), volcanoes can release enormous quantities of gases, including the following pollutants:
H2O water vapor
CO2 carbon dioxide
SO2 sulfur dioxide
H2S hydrogen sulfide
CO carbon monoxide
HCl hydrogen chloride
HF hydrogen flouride

Even non-explosive basaltic volcanoes (Hawaii, Iceland) can release damaging quantities of pollutants in the form of "vog‚", or volcanic smog.  The Hawaii volcano observatory has recently issued warnings for sulfur dioxide emissions and restricted access to areas around Kilauea.  The 1783 Icelandic basalt eruption resulted in emission of over 100 tons of SO2 in less than 8 months- killing humans, livestock and damaging crops in both Iceland and Europe.  Gas emissions during the eruption of the Siberian traps may have caused the great Permian extinction 250 million years ago.  Volcanic SO2 emissions can range up to 10 million tonnes per day.
« Last Edit: 18/06/2008 11:31:34 by daveshorts »

thedoc

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How much pollution does a volcano produce?
« Reply #2 on: 18/06/2008 12:11:59 »
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Alan McDougall

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How much pollution does a volcano produce?
« Reply #3 on: 07/07/2008 19:34:31 »
Krakatoa
Krakatoa is a volcanic island in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra in Indonesia.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See also:
Krakatoa immence volano

The best known eruption culminated in a series of massive explosions on August 26-27, 1883.

The combined effects of pyroclastic flows, volcanic ashes and tsunamis had disastrous results in the region.

The official death toll recorded by the Dutch authorities was 36,417 and many settlements were destroyed, including Teluk Betung and Ketimbang in Sumatra, and Sirik and Semarang in Java.

The eruption also produced erratic weather and spectacular sunsets throughout the world for many months afterwards, as a result of sunlight reflected from suspended dust particles ejected by the volcano high into Earth's atmosphere.

This worldwide volcanic dust veil acted as a solar radiation filter, reducing the amount of sunlight reaching the surface of the earth.

In the year following the eruption, global temperatures were lowered by as much as 1.2 degrees Celsius on average.

Weather patterns continued to be chaotic for years, and temperatures did not return to normal until 1888..

For more information about the topic Krakatoa, read the full article at Wikipedia.org, or see the following related articles:

harmonsmith

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How much pollution does a volcano produce?
« Reply #4 on: 04/06/2009 06:54:43 »
I think the biggest source of water pollution is Industries. Who are releasing large amount of hazardous waste into our water resources. In order to do proper treatment of this waste water consultant like http://www.jnblabs.com/ must be contacted

Don_1

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How much pollution does a volcano produce?
« Reply #5 on: 04/06/2009 07:10:18 »
I think the biggest source of water pollution is Industries. Who are releasing large amount of hazardous waste into our water resources. In order to do proper treatment of this waste water consultant like XXXXXXXX must be contacted

Well you would say that, wouldn't you, Mr. SPAM.
« Last Edit: 04/06/2009 07:13:02 by Don_1 »

Alex Smith

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How much pollution does a volcano produce?
« Reply #6 on: 09/06/2009 05:13:35 »
The largest volcanic eruption since the rise of modern humans, Homo sapiens, is the great eruption of Toba, in Sumatra, about 71,000 years ago. It produced some 2800 cubic kilometers of ash and may have reduced the world's human population to only 10,000. The eruption of Toba is hypothesized by some scientists to have decimated the early human inhabitants of S Asia. The eruption lasted perhaps two weeks, but the ensuing "volcanic winter" resulted in a decrease in average global temperatures by 3 to 3.5 degrees Celsius for several years.


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carl lane

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« Reply #7 on: 01/03/2010 11:43:27 »
i love this it has helped me soo much :) thanks p.s. i love josh s

Zim

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« Reply #8 on: 17/04/2010 09:05:17 »
Who is Marie Edmonds and what are her qualifications?  Her reply sounds just as generalized and unsubstantiated as the origonal "myth".  

yor_on

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How much pollution does a volcano produce?
« Reply #9 on: 19/04/2010 15:20:28 »
How much pollution does a volcano produce?

That's a very good question that I too wonder. How the he** do you measure a ash cloud constantly erupting from a volcano? Shining lasers on it? measuring the light shining through it? "Accurate forecasts of the amount of ash expected to fall in a given area are difficult to produce. Ash fall amounts depend on the character of the eruption (duration, cloud height, grain size distribution, water content) and the prevailing winds, all factors that can change rapidly and are difficult to measure accurately."

Take a look here too. 

Mazurka

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How much pollution does a volcano produce?
« Reply #10 on: 20/04/2010 15:06:22 »
I thought this put things into context quite nicely...
http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/2010/planes-or-volcano/

rosy

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How much pollution does a volcano produce?
« Reply #11 on: 20/04/2010 15:46:33 »
For Zim, this would  be her, then:
http://www.esc.cam.ac.uk/people/academic-staff/marie-edmonds
Her publications list is linked from that page.
As to her qualifications, I can't immediately find her CV online, but I guess if you actually wanted to know you could e-mail her and ask.

yor_on

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How much pollution does a volcano produce?
« Reply #12 on: 20/04/2010 17:29:31 »
Here is an interesting


Volcano emitting 150-300,000 tonnes of CO2 daily

Extrapolating from what?
Where do they get their numbers?
===

This are the only numbers I know off?

Institute of Earth Sciences. 

Eyjafjallajokull eruption. 

« Last Edit: 20/04/2010 22:42:13 by yor_on »

Martin

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« Reply #13 on: 12/12/2010 15:38:25 »
Zim, I'm astonished that you have the audactiy to question anyone's qualifications when you can't even spell original correctly!

jm

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« Reply #14 on: 08/02/2011 17:52:10 »
Martin, it's funny that you pointed out somebody's mistake when you also made one when you spelled audacity. It's a typo, get over it. I'm also curious who this Marie is.

Mike

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« Reply #15 on: 04/11/2011 15:30:29 »
Why-oh-why is it so hard to decide?

Dr Edmonds says volcanoe emit around 100,000,000 tonnes of CO2 a year.
The US Geological Society says Volcanoes release more than 130 million tonnes of CO2 into the atmosphere every year.
Guardian.co.uk says that the British Geological Survey (the Grauniad's link doesn't work) says it has been estimated that subaerial volcanism releases around 300 Mt/yr CO2.

Who do we believe? ..maybe even the nutters who are in denial!

Mike.

 

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