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Author Topic: How does a Newton's Cradle work?  (Read 3406 times)

Brian

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How does a Newton's Cradle work?
« on: 19/07/2008 10:54:52 »
Brian asked the Naked Scientists:

In high school I was taught that mass times velocity equals mass times velocity.  The teacher showed an example by showing us a device with 5 balls hanging from strings in a row.  The teacher pulled back 2 balls and let go.  The 2 balls at the other end of the contraption went up about the same distance the the first 2 balls.  

So why didn't one ball fly off at twice the speed? What physics law explains why 2 balls flew up.  The equation mv=mv would still
work if only one ball flew up at twice the speed.  

Hope you understand what I mean.  thanks

What do you think?


 

lyner

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How does a Newton's Cradle work?
« Reply #1 on: 19/07/2008 14:30:21 »
If you had  started off with all the balls separated by a bit, you could analyse each collision in turn. When identical (ideal) balls strike each other, they 'exchange velocities'  (mv=mv and using a coefficient of restitution of 1 implies their relative speed of parting is the same as the relative speed of approach) so, if balls 1 and 2 are moving, the first collision would be between balls 2 and 3. 3 would go off at the original speed of 2, leaving 2 stationary. Then 1 would strike 2 and 3 would strike 4, leaving 1 and 3 stationary with 2 and 4 moving. This would carry on to the end until, first ball n would leave, then ball n-1 - no ball ever goes faster than the original velocity.
The same thing will happen if the balls are touching, to start with.
 

paul.fr

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How does a Newton's Cradle work?
« Reply #2 on: 19/07/2008 15:57:36 »

 

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