# The Naked Scientists Forum

### Author Topic: What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?  (Read 13552 times)

#### yor_on

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##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #25 on: 23/01/2009 20:41:40 »
Sorry missed your answer there but it seems to be what I thought?
A 'relation', but matter don't seem to need those restrictions.
Or?

----

That is if we want to treat mass as matter?
And that do confuse me:)
« Last Edit: 23/01/2009 20:53:06 by yor_on »

#### Vern

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##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #26 on: 23/01/2009 21:00:59 »
Quote from: yor_on
That is if we want to treat mass as matter?
And that do confuse me:)
I think mass and matter is just two names for the same thing.

#### yor_on

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##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #27 on: 23/01/2009 23:53:36 »
Vern, I understand that according to your definitions matter is photons:)
And if you want, you could argue that matter is energy in mainstream science too.
Which when 'going down' to its ground state would be defined as photons?

But to me photons, even though they may transform into particles under high energy, and 'matter' is very different 'states'.

If I use Lightarrows example, I still wonder why a system with two photons not traveling in the same direction is seen to have mass, while the same system with photons traveling together would not?

Would you have an explanation for that?

#### ScientificBoysClub

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##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #28 on: 24/01/2009 05:12:09 »
Vern, I understand that according to your definitions matter is photons:)
And if you want, you could argue that matter is energy in mainstream science too.
Which when 'going down' to its ground state would be defined as photons?

But to me photons, even though they may transform into particles under high energy, and 'matter' is very different 'states'.

If I use Lightarrows example, I still wonder why a system with two photons not traveling in the same direction is seen to have mass, while the same system with photons traveling together would not?

Would you have an explanation for that?

Well energy makes mass and mass makes energy .....
but there should be a condition for some density of energy to convert it's self to mass ... so, how a group of photons  and make a milli gram of mass ( a small amount in a closed system ? think about the universe if it is closed system under a high compression of energy it might have created mass right ??

#### lightarrow

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##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #29 on: 24/01/2009 10:03:21 »
Lightarrow.
Why "A system of two photons not travelling in the same direction HAS mass:"
And if they were traveling in the same direction then?

Why should that 'matter'.
Or not.

-
:)

---

The only reason I can see if mass was treated as a 'relation' between those two photons.
And then it seems even less to have to do with what i call 'matter'?
The reason I can find now is mathematics: in a system of two photons not travelling in the same directions, you can always find a frame of reference where the two photons travels in opposite directions (this could be an exercize for you  ) and so their total momentum is zero. In this sense you can consider the system as "stationary"; now, you know that mass is nothing else than energy in a stationary system.

For a single photon or for photons all travelling in the same directions, the system has no mass because you cannot "see" that energy from a stationary frame of reference; it means that the energy is only kinetic.

In conclusion: if you have a body which is moving, part of its energy comes from its mass, that is the energy it has from the frame of reference where the body is sationary, and part is kinetic, that is due only to the fact that the body is seen from a specific frame of reference. So mass is an "attribute" of energy: mass is the energy when energy is stationary.

This is the better definition of mass that I can find at the moment.
« Last Edit: 24/01/2009 10:09:09 by lightarrow »

#### Vern

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##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #30 on: 24/01/2009 14:05:36 »
Quote from: yor_on
If I use Lightarrows example, I still wonder why a system with two photons not traveling in the same direction is seen to have mass, while the same system with photons traveling together would not?

Would you have an explanation for that?
Hi yor_on; lightarrow's explanation looks good to me. I don't think I can add any clarification, although I have not seen the mass-creation mechanism described that way before.

Thanks lightarrow that adds great insight for me.

Dr. Robert Kemp claims that mass is electromagnetic change. According to him anytime you are in a frame of reference where you can sense electromagnetic change, you sense mass.
« Last Edit: 24/01/2009 14:07:51 by Vern »

#### Vern

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##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #31 on: 24/01/2009 14:25:11 »
Quote from: ScientificBoysClub
Well energy makes mass and mass makes energy .....
but there should be a condition for some density of energy to convert it's self to mass ... so, how a group of photons  and make a milli gram of mass ( a small amount in a closed system ? think about the universe if it is closed system under a high compression of energy it might have created mass right ??
When I read back through the posts I find the consensus to be that the only requirement to convert energy to mass is that the energy be put in such a state that its electromagnetic change is observable.

If you can sense the electric and magnetic change of the energy, you can sense it as mass.

#### yor_on

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##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #32 on: 24/01/2009 18:03:31 »
Lightarrow:)
Vern:)

As it's Saturday and as I have some friends (strangely but true:) with, ah, fluids?
Dark brown with a taste of malt I might add.

I just don't dare to write anything trying to making sense anymore, if I ever did:)
But I just want to thank you , and all, for interesting thoughts.
As you say Vern, Lightarrow makes sense, as do you, and Chem, and Lady, And (obviously) SC and LeeE and Karen and....
(I'll stop here, otherwise I will write 'this' to an all too early grave)

But I just want to thank the founders of this site for a lovely forum.
Filled with interesting people.

:)

#### Vern

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##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #33 on: 24/01/2009 20:05:29 »
Lightarrow:)
Vern:)

As it's Saturday and as I have some friends (strangely but true:) with, ah, fluids?
Dark brown with a taste of malt I might add.

I just don't dare to write anything trying to making sense anymore, if I ever did:)
But I just want to thank you , and all, for interesting thoughts.
As you say Vern, Lightarrow makes sense, as do you, and Chem, and Lady, And (obviously) SC and LeeE and Karen and....
(I'll stop here, otherwise I will write 'this' to an all too early grave)

But I just want to thank the founders of this site for a lovely forum.
Filled with interesting people.

:)

Thanks yor_on; great discussion; go easy on the ale now
« Last Edit: 24/01/2009 20:07:11 by Vern »

#### Ethos

• Guest
##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #34 on: 11/07/2009 15:57:59 »
Any time you confine a photon of energy in a local area by whatever method, the photon becomes mass. This is true even if you confine it by bouncing it back and forth inside a mirrored box, or as lightarrow said by getting the photon absorbed by mass. The absorbed photon is bouncing around between atoms in the mass, and so is confined to a local area.

I can add some speculation of my own to that and say an electron is a photon of a certain frequency confined in a local area. Its like a resonating standing wave.

Whenever I hear this debate about mass formation from energy, I can't help but think about the way cold and hot air masses form tornados. As of this writing, it is still quite a mystery just how and why this phenomenon occurs. We understand a few of the required conditions neccessary for this event, but not exactly how they all interrelate. I personally think that something of a similiar nature is happening in the energy/mass conversion. Vern has offered the issues of circulation and resonance as contributing factors, and I see the same issues involved in tornado formation. An interesting analogy I must say!

Matter = Localized orbital energy flux.
« Last Edit: 11/07/2009 16:01:50 by Ethos »

#### Harry Costas

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• Posts: 26
##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #35 on: 14/07/2009 14:35:01 »
G'day from the land ofozzzzz

Look at the ejected matter that comes out of jets and how it reforms back into matter.

Its as though it has a memory to reform. It is quite similar to the Big Bang Nucleosynthesis theory.

The Condensed Matter Physics of QCD
http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0011333 [nofollow]
Authors: Krishna Rajagopal (MIT), Frank Wilczek (MIT)
(Submitted on 27 Nov 2000 (v1), last revised 13 Dec 2000 (this version, v2))

Quote
Abstract: Important progress in understanding the behavior of hadronic matter at high density has been achieved recently, by adapting the techniques of condensed matter theory. At asymptotic densities, the combination of asymptotic freedom and BCS theory make a rigorous analysis possible. New phases of matter with remarkable properties are predicted. They provide a theoretical laboratory within which chiral symmetry breaking and confinement can be studied at weak coupling. They may also play a role in the description of neutron star interiors. We discuss the phase diagram of QCD as a function of temperature and density, and close with a look at possible astrophysical signatures.

The equation of state of dense matter: supernovae, neutron stars and black holes
Jul-94
Quote
It is proposed that the dense matter formed in the collapse of large stars goes strange while still in the nucleon-meson (broken chiral symmetry) phase through kaon condensation. The K--meson energy is lowered, with increasing density, by the attractive vector mean field originating from the dense nucleonic matter. Once the K- energy comes down to the electron chemical potential μe, which increases with increasing density, the elec- trons change into K--mesons through the reaction e- --> K- + v. This is estimated to occur at a density ϱc ~ 3ϱ0, where ϱ0 is nuclear matter density.

#### The Naked Scientists Forum

##### What conditions do we require to convert Energy to mass ?
« Reply #35 on: 14/07/2009 14:35:01 »