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Offline zrogers52

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The Interaction of Gravity and Space
« on: 13/09/2009 09:55:30 »
Gravity, Space, Dark Matter and Energy   Zachary Rogers                  28 Aug 2009
Premise:   At least some of the phenomena attributed to dark matter and energy are the result of the way gravity and space interact
The universe consists of a field of minute points, loci, all exhibiting certain constants, and having a variety of transient properties. These transient properties correspond to the particles and energy we observe on a larger scale.
The loci occupied by matter &/or energy assume the corresponding transient properties, to include mass, energy, velocity, vector and field.  When a localized group of loci has related transient properties and acts in unison; we get the macroscopic expression of a single particle or field.  When a macroscopic event has a velocity, the associated transient properties are transferred from locus to locus, along the proper vector.  The actual transfer process is unobservable, occurring at less than the Planck distance.  This transfer of properties is limited by the maximum rate at which loci can interact.  The transfer of light from loci to loci, is the shortest event, hence the shortest interval of time, tp.  The nature of loci interaction determines the speed of light.  Light slows down in matter because the loci must express the properties of matter, slowing the transfer rate.
If there are 26 dimensions, then each individual locus has 67,108,864 (226) possible combinations to express permanent and transient properties.

Gravity pulls space in upon itself.  When viewed from a distance, the loci and the Planck constant appear to shrink.  When measured locally, the measurements remain constant since anything used for measurement will be composed of equally compressed loci.  The Planck constant remains constant.
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. 
If gravity is compressing space at one point, then space is being stretched elsewhere.  Since the size of an individual locus is fixed, new loci must be created where space is being stretched. 
Accepting the constraints of tp;
for a given volume of space, there is a limit on the rate at which new space can be created.
When space is subjected to two gravitational sources: if the combined force pulls at a rate greater than the rate that new loci can be created, gravity will pull the objects together.   
When two sources of gravity are sufficiently far apart, the rate of loci production exceeds pull & the bodies move further apart; with tp, the respective velocities and the distance (amount of space) being the determining factors.
Since a spinning gravitational field drags space along with it, the spin also stretches space.  The two forces acting together stretch space more than gravity acting alone.  The effect is more noticeable as a gravitational source becomes larger and spins faster.  The result of the additional stretching is that the gravitation source spins faster than expected due to mass and gravity alone.   Effectively the space inside a spinning galaxy is partially sheared from (or interacts less with) the space outside. 
Events are determined by transient properties.  There being an upper limit on the rate at which events can occur, the creation of new loci occurs most efficiently in the emptiest space.  As two objects get farther apart, there is more space to expand; and there is less interaction from the objects, so the intervening space can expand more efficiently.  As objects get farther apart, the rate of separation is accelerated.
The interaction of gravity and space is causing the accelerated expansion of the universe.
Problem:  Doesnít do a good job of explaining the apparent distribution of dark matter.  Premise requires that the distribution of dark matter would directly correspond to the distribution, spin, and relative velocities of ordinary matter.


Offline Vern

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The Interaction of Gravity and Space
« Reply #1 on: 13/09/2009 13:51:26 »
You seem to have named the thing we have called space and are calling it loci. This seems to be individual points which exist in a void. So this is a different idea than how most of us think about space. Many have thought that space might be granular. There may be un-named points in a void that form a material we can call space. These material points may react with each other to provide the electromagnetic properties we sense.

So, your loci would exist similar to these material points. They would exist separate from the void, which you still would call space, it seems. I think I understand what you are saying.

How would this view help us understand things that we see going on in space and time?

Offline zrogers52

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The Interaction of Gravity and Space
« Reply #2 on: 13/09/2009 19:02:17 »
Locus is just an old term for the smallest possible point.  Loci is the plural.  The modern term is the Planck distance: this is the cross-section of the smallest observable event.  Everything inside acts as a single point.  Any event occurring at a smaller distance can never be observed.  The entire universe consists of these points; they are space.  A particular section of space may appear empty, or it may contain a planet.  The points are still there. 

Current theory of space/time
There are dimensions that extend to infinity that we readily observe as time and space; and additional dimensions which remain invisible, curled up inside each point.  Each point actually consists of these additional dimensions.  Matter and energy are described as existing upon and moving thru the fabric of space.  There is also a shortest length of time over which an event can occur, called the Planck time.  Time and space are inseparable. Both are granular. 

The total number of dimensions varies according to theory, up to 26, with 11 currently being most popular.  Unified theory is any theory that can explain all observed phenomena.  The final number of dimensions will be determined by the level of mathematics required to get a unified theory.  In Newtonís day all observed phenomena were adequately explained by 3 dimensions. There are several forms of string theory, all require 10 dimensions. M theory combines some the forms of string theory by using 11 dimensions. Since it hasnít succeeded in combining all the forms, one or more additional dimensions may eventually be required.

Proposed changes
Instead of having 4 dimensions extending to infinity, all dimensions exist inside each single point.  The interaction of points is what we observe as time and space, and is responsible for all observed phenomena.  A particular set of points may express only the properties of time and volume, traditional empty space.  Another set of points may express properties that we interpret as being an electron, photon, gravity or other phenomenon.  All observed phenomena are an expression of the points involved.  When a particle moves forward, the lead points transfer the properties of the particle to the points immediately in front of the particle.  Each point within the particle transfers its properties forward to the adjacent point.  The points on the trailing edge of the particle transfer their properties forward and revert to the properties of time/volume and the fields associated with the particle (gravity, magnetic, etc).  The entity we perceive as a single moving particle is actually an overall expression of the points it contains.  The extra dimensions determine the properties of space, and how far its properties extend (strong force, weak force, etc).

Under Newton physics, the apogee and perigee (high and low points) of Mercuryís orbit will always point in the same direction.  The orbit is described as a simple ellipse (oval).

Under Einstein, the spin of the Sun drags space with it.  The orbit of Mercury precesses, the apogee and perigee move around the Sun.  Instead of a simple oval, we end up with the pattern generated by a spirograph.

The actual precession of Mercuryís orbit doesnít match the prediction. On Earth; the Moon should generate 1 tide every 24 hours, not two, and the tide generated by the Sun should be considerably less.  There have been many attempts to adjust the predicted values and explain away the discrepancies, none work.  We just donít have an accurate description of gravity, so we can only roughly predict how it behaves.

How this involves Dark Matter and Dark Energy
Scientists examined galaxies and estimated the mass and rate of rotation.  They consistently calculate that the galaxies donít contain nearly enough matter (gravity) to keep them from flying apart.  They have concluded that there must a lot of invisible matter providing the extra gravity. Since they canít see it, they call it Dark Matter.
Scientists predicted that the universe is expanding but (due to gravity) the rate of expansion is slowing down.  Instead, calculations indicate the rate of expansion is increasing. The increasing expansion must be caused by extra energy.  Enter Dark Energy.

All this is used to explain away the discrepancies between the measured values and the predictions based on our present model of gravity.  Sound familiar? We already know that our present gravitational theory is inaccurate at distances as small as from Mercury to the Sun.  If these discrepancies increase nonlinearly with distance, small wonder the galaxies and the universe arenít behaving as predicted.  Before we invoke the mystic powers of Dark Energy and Dark Matter, we need a better theory of gravity.  If we build on small errors, we end up with big errors.  If we fix the small problems, the big ones just might go away.

Currently gravity is described as warping or bending space.  Space (points) itself doesnít move once the field is present.  Time slows down as you move thru space.  Time also slows down inside a gravitational field.

If youíre not moving thru space, and time slows down in a gravitational field, then space must be moving thru you.

Gravity doesnít just bend space, it causes it to flow continuously to the center.  This can be thought of as the actual points flowing to the center and popping out of existence (nothing can shrink past the Planck distance) and reappearing in remote space. Alternately, the points can remain stationary in the gravitational field.  The warping of space causes each point to generate a velocity vector, which is transferred to the gravitational center where it pops out of existence and reemerges in remote space as a new point (zero vector).  The effect we call gravity is actually the combined effect of warped space and the generation of velocity vectors (or the flow of points).  The two may interact in a non-linear fashion as distances increase.  By adding an extra factor, there may be enough wiggle room for an accurate model of gravity.

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The Interaction of Gravity and Space
« Reply #2 on: 13/09/2009 19:02:17 »


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