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Offline wanchung

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Pair production: Unite four fundamental forces
« on: 12/06/2011 05:25:59 »
Pair Production: Unite Strong interaction, Weak interaction, Gravity, and Electromagnetism

By Wan-chung Hu

Maintext:

Previously, I propose the energy conservation for the synthesis of mass and charge during pair production via photon collision. We can look more deeply in detail. Here, I want to incorporate Higgs mechanism, strong interaction, and weak interaction in the pair production model. Thus, we can try to explain why basic particles have discrete mass and charge. During the photon collision, two gamma beam can generate Z particle, W+W-pair, and glueballs.

gamma+gamma->Z+H->neutrino+antineutrino

During photon collision, two photons can be stopped in order to interact with Higgs boson. It is also true for photon-nucleus synthesis. It is because that photons with two equal and opposite momentums can let them cease or one photon beam stopped by the obstacle of atom nucleus. Only when photon stops, it can interact with Higgs boson. Then, photon obtains the mass from Higgs boson and becomes a Z boson. The mass amount form Higgs boson is due to the equation: hf=2mc2. M is the mass of neutrino or antineutrino. Because Z boson is very unstable, it can easily decays into a fermion-antifemion pair such as neutrino-antineutrino or electron-positron. Because both neutrino and Z boson carry zero charge, it is reasonable that Z boson usually decays into neutrino-antineutrino pair.

gamma+gamma->W+W-H->electron+positron+(neutrino+antineutrino)

Another kind of gamma photon collision happens, two phons can generate one W boson pair ( W+ boson and W-boson). It is also because that stopped photon acquires mass form the Higgs boson via Higgs mechanism. W boson is also a very unstable particle. It can easily decays into lepton plus neutrino. Thus, the W+W- pair will decay into electron-positron pair plus neutrino-antineutrino pair. Since neutrino and antineutrino usually travel near lightspeed, we may only detect positron and electron pair. That is why we can observe electron-positron pair production during gamma gamma photon collision or photon-nucleus collision. Not like the synthesis of Z boson described above, the amplitude of these two gamma photons should be large enough to make the W boson or subsequent lepton to have charge. W+ or W- boson has one unit basic charge. Thus, it can decay into electron, muon, or tau particles. All of these leptons have one unit charge because W boson has one unit charge only. In addition, larger mass muon or Tau can decay into smaller mass electron due to the decay model. Large mass particle is unstable. In addition, electron-positron synthesis needs least energy in the interaction with Higgs, so there is more abundant electrons and positrons. Because Higgs boson has discrete mass, the basic particles from Higgs mechanism also have certain value of mass. However, the mass of Higgs still needs to be decided by LHC.

gamma+gamma->glueball+H->neutron-antineutron or proton-antiproton

In higher energy gamma photon collision, even glueball can be generated. Thus, glueball can generate nucleon such as proton or neutron via QCD theory mechanism. Gluon can be generated after photon gets mass from Higgs boson. More gluon can form into glueball. Then, neutron-antineutron pair can be generated from the glueball. It is reasonable because gluon has no charge. However, proton-antiproton can also possibly be generated. If free neutron is generated, it can easily decay into proton via weak interaction with releasing one W- boson. Thus, proton has also one unit of charge. Other larger mass hadrons can also be generated via this mechanism. However, larger mass hadrons are unstable, and they can easily decay into proton or neutron which has the smallest mass.

We can infer there is opposite mechamism:
e+e - -> W+W-H->gamma+gamma
e+e - -> Z+H->gamma+gamma
proton+antiproton->glueball+H->gamma+gamma
neutron+antineutron->glueball+H->gamma+gamma

In these reactions, the elimination of particle and antiparticle pair generates W, Z boson or Gluons. Then, W boson, Z boson, and gluons will return their mass to the Higgs boson to generate Higgs boson. That is why LHC uses this mechanism to search for Higgs particle. One W, Z boson, and gluons return the mass, they can become two gamma photon beams. This paper explain all the pair production and annihilation process. It also tried to unite the four fundamental forces: strong force(gluon), weak force(W, Z boson),electromagnetism(photon,charge), and gravity(Higgs, mass).


 

Offline wanchung

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Pair production: Unite four fundamental forces
« Reply #1 on: 18/06/2011 07:27:55 »
A modification for my theory:

Photon+Photon->H->Z + Z->quark+antiquark+neutrino+antineutrino
Photon+Photon->H->W+W-->electron+positron+neutrino+antineutrino

During the second process, photon pair can borrow energy from vaccum due to principle of uncertainty to have enough energy to generate W pair or Z pair. The decay of W pair or Z pair generate fermion particles. Photon and photon collide with high speed and near elastic collision happens. Thus, single W or Z boson from Z pair or W pair are sepearted not fused. It individually decays to fermions. During the opposite reaction:

electron+positron+neutrino+antineutrino->W+W-->H
or electron+positron+neutrino+antineutrino->Z+Z->H
The collision is near inelastic collision since the fermion cannot move with lightspeed. Finally, the W+W-pair fuses or Z-Z pair fuses to form one Higgs boson. It is also true for gluon-gluon pair fuse to form Higgs boson! However, if the intitial input energy is low, electron and positron pair will generate photon energy(two gamma rays) only fullfilling the E=mc^2 law!
 

Offline wanchung

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Pair production: Unite four fundamental forces
« Reply #2 on: 18/06/2011 07:59:04 »
In a hot enviroment, individual synthesized gluon from photon-photon collision can decay into quark-gluon plasma. Then, quark-gluon plasma can form glueball to generate proton or neutron!
 

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Pair production: Unite four fundamental forces
« Reply #2 on: 18/06/2011 07:59:04 »

 

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