The Naked Scientists

The Naked Scientists Forum

Author Topic: which is the original destination of cosmic rays?  (Read 2605 times)

Offline suncorpse

  • Jr. Member
  • **
  • Posts: 42
    • View Profile
this question was giving me trouble and hence asking here.
I would like to hear from you on cosmic rays, and its presence in the universe. It will add some different perspective in my mind to hear more on cosmic rays.


 

Offline ukmicky

  • Moderator
  • Neilep Level Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 3011
    • View Profile
    • http://www.space-talk.com/
Re: which is the original destination of cosmic rays?
« Reply #1 on: 23/04/2006 14:04:11 »
i thought you may like to read:)
quote:
3 Ultra-energetic cosmic rays
FOR more than a decade, physicists in Japan have been seeing cosmic rays that should not exist. Cosmic rays are particles - mostly protons but sometimes heavy atomic nuclei - that travel through the universe at close to the speed of light. Some cosmic rays detected on Earth are produced in violent events such as supernovae, but we still don't know the origins of the highest-energy particles, which are the most energetic particles ever seen in nature. But that's not the real mystery.

As cosmic-ray particles travel through space, they lose energy in collisions with the low-energy photons that pervade the universe, such as those of the cosmic microwave background radiation. Einstein's special theory of relativity dictates that any cosmic rays reaching Earth from a source outside our galaxy will have suffered so many energy-shedding collisions that their maximum possible energy is 5 1019 electronvolts. This is known as the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin limit.

Over the past decade, however, the University of Tokyo's Akeno Giant Air Shower Array - 111 particle detectors spread out over 100 square kilometres - has detected several cosmic rays above the GZK limit. In theory, they can only have come from within our galaxy, avoiding an energy-sapping journey across the cosmos. However, astronomers can find no source for these cosmic rays in our galaxy. So what is going on?

One possibility is that there is something wrong with the Akeno results. Another is that Einstein was wrong. His special theory of relativity says that space is the same in all directions, but what if particles found it easier to move in certain directions? Then the cosmic rays could retain more of their energy, allowing them to beat the GZK limit.

Physicists at the Pierre Auger experiment in Mendoza, Argentina, are now working on this problem. Using 1600 detectors spread over 3000 square kilometres, Auger should be able to determine the energies of incoming cosmic rays and shed more light on the Akeno results.

Alan Watson, an astronomer at the University of Leeds, UK, and spokesman for the Pierre Auger project, is already convinced there is something worth following up here. "I have no doubts that events above 1020 electronvolts exist. There are sufficient examples to convince me," he says. The question now is, what are they? How many of these particles are coming in, and what direction are they coming from? Until we get that information, there's no telling how exotic the true explanation could be.


http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=mg18524911.600

Michael
« Last Edit: 23/04/2006 14:05:37 by ukmicky »
 

Offline suncorpse

  • Jr. Member
  • **
  • Posts: 42
    • View Profile
Re: which is the original destination of cosmic rays?
« Reply #2 on: 25/04/2006 11:30:37 »
thanks michael for the link. very interesting information here.

sunil
 

The Naked Scientists Forum

Re: which is the original destination of cosmic rays?
« Reply #2 on: 25/04/2006 11:30:37 »

 

SMF 2.0.10 | SMF © 2015, Simple Machines
SMFAds for Free Forums