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Author Topic: Forces of Nature : THE SPIN.  (Read 2403 times)

Offline socratus

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Forces of Nature : THE SPIN.
« on: 05/05/2006 10:46:22 »
In 1687, the book "Mathematical beginnings of natural philosophy"
 by Isaac Newton was printed out. This book has become the fundamental
 scientific textbook. In the foreword to this book, Newton has written:
 "All the difficulty of physics, as it will be seen, is in recognizing
 forces of the nature by the phenomena of motion,
and then to explain other phenomena according to these forces".
 "The First Newton's law" breaks on the spot
 this well formulated logical thought.
It states:
"Any body, until it remains insulated,
saves its state of rest or rectilinear motion".
This law of motion is considered fundamental in classic physics.
 However, it permanently causes critics of initial positions of mechanics.
 Because in earthly conditions it is defaulted.
This law does not take into consideration influence of external forces
; it also says nothing about internal forces. The reason on which the body
 is moving or rests is not clear. This law is abstract.
 Newton perceived illusiveness of this law. His scientific slogan was:
 "I do not invent hypotheses".
He said: "I shall not mix conjectures with reliability".
 He aimed to build a building of science without hypotheses.
Therefore, he wanted to correct somehow, to change his formulation.
 But all attempts were unsuccessful.
However, this law is useful and necessary to explain then accelerated motion.
 For this reason, this postulate of Newton
was forced and wrongfully erected to a rank of the law.
 And from a school bench the person learns this postulate
 as the law (unproved supposition). Here we have the paradoxical situation.
 The Bible begins with the unfounded statement
 "In the Beginning there was a Word ",
 and classic physics begins with the unfounded statement
 " In the Beginning there was the First Newton's law ".
 The science states that the origin of the World according
 to the religious version is not reliable, and builds the scientific
 foundations based on abstraction. As a result, both formulations
 (religious and scientific) are unsatisfactory from the point of view of logic.
====================================  
Newton,s dream was realized by Planck.
let us analyze the discovery of quantum of light by Planck.  
M. Planck in 1900 offered to examine the radiation emanating from
 absolutely black body (Vacuum radiation of Kirchhoff /Max Laue / ),
 as separate portions (quantum).
If the quantum of light will penetrate inside this absolute black body
 and will not reflect back, the radiation and heat will die.
 That it will not happen, the ideal black body should reflect
 (radiate) this quantum of light back. Then and only then,
 this initial (natural) radiation of quantum of light is characterized
by the constant of Planck -h .
The quantity of this particle, s impulse is  h=1.
Under influence of this impulse the particle moves with speed c=1.
The particle has the form of a circle.
This quantity is described with a formula  (h=Et) and has a title of
“the least quantum of action”,“ internal impulse of particle”, “spin”.
================================  
Einstein realized Newton,s dream in another way
For the basic point of his argumentations, Einstein
took the constant of Boltzmann  R/N = k
 and coefficient (b) from the formula of radiation of Wien.
The multiplication of these two quantities gives the formula
of  “ internal impulse of particle”, “spin”  h = kb.
================================    
Quantum of light is a privileged particle.
Only the speed of a light quantum in Vacuum has
 a maximal, constant, absolute quantity of c=1.
No other particle can travel with the speed c = 1.
If quantum of light flies always rectilinearly c=1, it is a mad one.
Is he really mad?
========================================  
No.
Another impulse (spin) in 1925 was  found by
Goudsmit-Uhlenbeck .   
They came to a conclusion, that the particle should have other impulse.
Quantity of this impulse is described with a formula : ˛ = h/ 2n,
 forcing a particle to rotate around his diameter.
This means that it particle does not move rectilinearly,
 but rotates around the diameter (has the form of a sphere).
 The rotation of these particle creates electrical waves.


 

Offline Atomic-S

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Re: Forces of Nature : THE SPIN.
« Reply #1 on: 08/05/2006 06:50:18 »
?
 

Offline socratus

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Re: Forces of Nature : THE SPIN.
« Reply #2 on: 09/05/2006 13:56:26 »
From ancient times the man aspired to understand
the reason of movement. Gradually in physics
 there were two points of view on the reason of movement.
1. In classical physics the reason of movement
of bodies owing to external influence is considered.
2. In quantum physics it was required to enter the term
"an internal impulse of a particle".
It is not me, who has entered into physics representation
 about an internal pulse of a particle.
This term is used in all textbooks and books about physics.
 But spelling these words nobody represents
this process evidently.
 I have simply decided to imagine, as this term,
this impulse looks evidently.
And with the claims I ask you to address to physicists.
 They, to be honest before themselves, should decide:
a) or to refuse the term "an internal impulse of a particle".
b) or to accept this term as a reality, and then
it is necessary to understand its origin.
If we refuse a terminology "an internal impulse of a particle",
we shall transform into the people unable to express their ideas.
 If we accept this term as a reality,
then it is necessary to reconsider the sights on the world.
 

Offline socratus

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Re: Forces of Nature : THE SPIN.
« Reply #3 on: 11/05/2006 07:01:49 »
Many years ago man has accustomed some wild
animals (wolf, horse, cat, bull , etc.)
and has made them domestic ones.
But the man understands badly the four-footed friends.
In 1897 J. J. Thomson opened new particle - electron.
Gradually man has accustomed electron to work for  him.
But the man does not understand what an electron is.
 

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Re: Forces of Nature : THE SPIN.
« Reply #3 on: 11/05/2006 07:01:49 »

 

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