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Author Topic: How can dead bees still sting?  (Read 19369 times)

chris

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How can dead bees still sting?
« on: 02/03/2012 15:21:52 »
It's often reported that a dead stinging insect, like a bee or a wasp, can still sting you even when it's dead?

How does this happen?

Chris

grizelda

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Re: How can dead bees still sting?
« Reply #1 on: 02/03/2012 22:37:42 »
A bee crashed into my neck on a motorcycle once and I wiped it away with my hand. It was pretty mashed up but the stinger and muscles were on my finger and I could see the venom pumping out in a thin stream for some time.

RD

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Re: How can dead bees still sting?
« Reply #2 on: 05/03/2012 05:38:27 »
The stingers have a life of their own: they pulsate to pump venom into the victim after they are detached from the bee, i.e. they have evolved to operate independently from the bee for a short period.


Don_1

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Re: How can dead bees still sting?
« Reply #3 on: 05/03/2012 09:05:16 »
The Honey Bee, as RD pointed out, has a stinger which continues to pulsate after it has detached from the body. This is only the case in the Honey Bee in which the stinger is a modified ovipositor. The stinger is barbed, so once it pierces the skin, it cannot be retracted. Wasps and other bees do not have a barbed stinger so they are capable of multiple stings.

But I think the question here is more on the capability of a wasp or bee being able to deliver a sting after it has died. This is not possible since the animal is dead and, therefore, not conscious. However, the sting delivery mechanism may still be able to deliver a sting due to the mechanism continuing to pulsate post mortem, in the same way as muscles may continue to twitch in other animals after life has expired. The sting can thereby be delivered if the stinger enters the skin.

The usual case is that a dead bee or wasp tends to still trigger a reaction in us. A frantic brushing off of the dead insect or the pressure/movement of our clothing against our skin with a dead insect trapped within may cause the stinger to penetrate the skin. Even if the stinger is no longer active, pressure put on the dead body can have the same effect as the live pulse used to deliver a sting. While in the case of a honey bee, should the barbed stinger be pushed into the skin, it can continue to pulsate, delivering the venom, in the normal way.

So I would say the answer to the question is no, dead bees and wasps do not sting, but our actions may cause the stinger to be pushed into the skin and venom delivered by that same action in a way similar to the use of a hypodermic needle. It is not the insect which stings us, but rather that we inject ourselves with the dead insect.

nicephotog

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Re: How can dead bees still sting?
« Reply #4 on: 06/03/2012 14:55:02 »
A large quantity of it is not unlike splinter glass entry , bee stingers have barbed spines if any blood is pulsing near the point of insertion the nerves of its victim interact with the barbs on the stinger spine.
http://beeinformed.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/StingersComparison2.jpg

 

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