The Naked Scientists

The Naked Scientists Forum

Author Topic: why can't light escape a black hole.  (Read 1837 times)

Offline thebrain13

  • Sr. Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 442
    • View Profile
why can't light escape a black hole.
« on: 16/06/2012 00:56:44 »
They say that a black hole occurs when the escape velocity exceeds light speed. My question is, why does the escape velocity apply to light when it's velocity is a constant? What does an escape velocity mean to an object that can't slow down?


 

Offline Pmb

  • Neilep Level Member
  • ******
  • Posts: 1838
  • Physicist
    • View Profile
    • New England Science Constortium
Re: why can't light escape a black hole.
« Reply #1 on: 16/06/2012 10:08:28 »
I don't understand how the constancy of the speed of light is a problem in this case. Can you clarify? Thanks.
 

Offline thebrain13

  • Sr. Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 442
    • View Profile
Re: why can't light escape a black hole.
« Reply #2 on: 16/06/2012 16:34:58 »
my point is light is not like a ball that you throw upwards, then it slows down and falls back to the ground. It always travels at the speed of light. Are we suggesting that when a photon leaves a body with sufficient gravity it travels upwards for a bit, and then slows down and falls back to the body? Cause that's what it means when an object is under the escape velocity.

Light doesn't travel slower when it exits a body with larger gravity, so how can gravity be responsible for stopping light in its' tracks?
 

Offline Guthers

  • Jr. Member
  • **
  • Posts: 36
    • View Profile
Re: why can't light escape a black hole.
« Reply #3 on: 18/06/2012 22:42:39 »
my point is light is not like a ball that you throw upwards, then it slows down and falls back to the ground. It always travels at the speed of light. Are we suggesting that when a photon leaves a body with sufficient gravity it travels upwards for a bit, and then slows down and falls back to the body? Cause that's what it means when an object is under the escape velocity.

Light doesn't travel slower when it exits a body with larger gravity, so how can gravity be responsible for stopping light in its' tracks?

Correct, the light doesn't slow down at all, which is a common misconception. However, if you watch from a distance it might appear to.

The light gets infinitely red-shifted by the gravitational field, and therefore has no energy left by the time it gets to the event horizon.

General relativity, bloody hell!
 

Offline CZARCAR

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 686
    • View Profile
Re: why can't light escape a black hole.
« Reply #4 on: 18/06/2012 23:13:43 »
sounds like massless fotons affected by gravity?
 

Offline CZARCAR

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 686
    • View Profile
Re: why can't light escape a black hole.
« Reply #5 on: 18/06/2012 23:19:23 »
ok & maybe=G affects the time/space so it results in?
 

Offline thebrain13

  • Sr. Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 442
    • View Profile
Re: why can't light escape a black hole.
« Reply #6 on: 18/06/2012 23:26:52 »
Okay, quick question though. What happens to the energy that a photon used to have when it is redshifted? Where does it go and in what form?
 

Offline CZARCAR

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 686
    • View Profile
Re: why can't light escape a black hole.
« Reply #7 on: 18/06/2012 23:32:44 »
gravity?
 

The Naked Scientists Forum

Re: why can't light escape a black hole.
« Reply #7 on: 18/06/2012 23:32:44 »

 

SMF 2.0.10 | SMF © 2015, Simple Machines
SMFAds for Free Forums