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Author Topic: How to separate chlorine and water other than by heating?  (Read 3512 times)

Offline Justin_Is_Here

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Heating results in both chlorine gas and water also evaporates. My chlorine collecting chamber is meant only for chlorine and not water.


 

Offline CliffordK

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Re: How to separate chlorine and water other than by heating?
« Reply #1 on: 09/12/2014 10:42:58 »
Be careful as chlorine gas can be a dangerous for inhalation. 
  • Heating salt water produces primarily water vapor with the salt (NaCl) staying in the aqueous phase.
  • Electrolysis of salt water will produce a mix of chlorine gas + Oxygen gas at one electrode, and Hydrogen gas at the other.
  • Electrolysis of dry, molten salt (sodium chloride) will produce essentially pure chloride gas, and pure sodium.
Perhaps there are other ways to make chlorine gas too.
 

Offline chiralSPO

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Re: How to separate chlorine and water other than by heating?
« Reply #2 on: 09/12/2014 15:21:34 »
I will also say that chlorine gas is very dangerous. Be extremely careful!

The easiest way to prepare it by the reaction of hydrochloric acid with sodium hypochlorite (or calcium hypochlorite) this is how pool water is chlorinated. This can be accomplished on very small scale (a few drops of each) up to treating Olympic sized swimming pools.

You mentioned a chlorine collection chamber. How much chlorine do you need for your experiment?
 

Offline Justin_Is_Here

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Re: How to separate chlorine and water other than by heating?
« Reply #3 on: 10/12/2014 10:55:52 »
I'll need a full jar of 500ml. Yeah, I'll be careful. I've got all protective gears.
 

Offline chiralSPO

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Re: How to separate chlorine and water other than by heating?
« Reply #4 on: 10/12/2014 12:34:56 »
Do you know how to do the calculations to produce only as much as you need? What sort of protective gear are we talking about? Will you be working in a fume hood, or some other type of ventilation?
 

Offline lightarrow

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Re: How to separate chlorine and water other than by heating?
« Reply #5 on: 29/12/2014 09:12:29 »
Heating results in both chlorine gas and water also evaporates. My chlorine collecting chamber is meant only for chlorine and not water.
Maybe you can dry chlorine making the Cl2 + H20 vapour pass on dried CaCl2, because calcium chloride shouldn't absorb chlorine, according to what I've studied, but I really don't know if it can work.

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Offline SorryDnoodle

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Re: How to separate chlorine and water other than by heating?
« Reply #6 on: 02/02/2015 12:55:36 »


The easiest way to prepare it by the reaction of hydrochloric acid with sodium hypochlorite

This also happens to be among the safer ways of getting chlorine gas, I don't recommend the electrolysis of salt-water or molten salt, firstly salt-water will be very contaminated with oxygen and even hydrogen gas I have noticed in my own experiments.

The electrolysis of NaCl is quite dangerous, unless under an inert gas to begin with the sodium is going to explode from the extreme temperature required and from my own tests you need quite a good setup with carbon electrode and a good cruicible which has connections for gas exchange to be able to do this "safely" and even with a good setup the inert gas -such as nitrogen- will contaminate your chlorine.
 

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Re: How to separate chlorine and water other than by heating?
« Reply #6 on: 02/02/2015 12:55:36 »

 

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