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Author Topic: What is the cycle time of the universe?  (Read 1405 times)

jerrygg38

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What is the cycle time of the universe?
« on: 12/06/2015 00:41:07 »
It is possible that the universe oscillates from zero to infinity. If we assume that the radiation of the mass of the protons and electrons in terms of dot-waves follows an exponential function and we assume that the scientists are reasonably correct in that only 4 percent of the energy is in physical matter, the time period of the universe is readily calculated as:
e^(-t/T) = 0.04 where the age of the universe calculated from the hydrogen atom expansion is 13.7827byrs. Then the time period is 4.2818 billion years. It is then pretty clear than the rapid radiation from big bang to now fill the universe with 96 percent of dark mass/energy in terms of dot-waves. A point will be reached in the future where the energy of the protons, neutron, and photons, and sub-particles will be so low that they explode. I call this condition the little bang. Then only the  electromagnetic field in chaos will exist. Eventually it will return and another big bang will occur. An alternative viewpoint is to look at the inductance and capacitance of the dot-waves. If we do so, we get a cycle time for an exponential sinusoidal solution of 1088 billion years which is  8 (pi^2) Tu. At that point the physical matter is basically gone. The universe will then cycle back with a small hysteresis loop of reserve energy and intelligence. This insures the reproduction of the protons and electrons and sub-particles. Thus the universe will oscillate forever.
To me either solution is reasonable. Variations of the main solution are certainly possible where new galaxies are constantly created but this is only temporary as in the end everything must be erased before the next big bang can occur.

PmbPhy

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Re: What is the cycle time of the universe?
« Reply #1 on: 12/06/2015 19:55:21 »
Quote from: jerrygg38
It is possible that the universe oscillates from zero to infinity. If we assume that the radiation of the mass of the protons and electrons in terms of dot-waves ...
There's no such thing as dot-waves. If this is a term you coined then I can't understand why you'd ever assume that whoever reads this post will know what it means. We're not mind readers you know. So why didn't you define it here and elsewhere? And why define a new term at all when there's no need to?

Thebox

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Re: What is the cycle time of the universe?
« Reply #2 on: 13/06/2015 09:33:44 »
It is possible that the universe oscillates from zero to infinity. If we assume that the radiation of the mass of the protons and electrons in terms of dot-waves follows an exponential function and we assume that the scientists are reasonably correct in that only 4 percent of the energy is in physical matter, the time period of the universe is readily calculated as:
e^(-t/T) = 0.04 where the age of the universe calculated from the hydrogen atom expansion is 13.7827byrs. Then the time period is 4.2818 billion years. It is then pretty clear than the rapid radiation from big bang to now fill the universe with 96 percent of dark mass/energy in terms of dot-waves. A point will be reached in the future where the energy of the protons, neutron, and photons, and sub-particles will be so low that they explode. I call this condition the little bang. Then only the  electromagnetic field in chaos will exist. Eventually it will return and another big bang will occur. An alternative viewpoint is to look at the inductance and capacitance of the dot-waves. If we do so, we get a cycle time for an exponential sinusoidal solution of 1088 billion years which is  8 (pi^2) Tu. At that point the physical matter is basically gone. The universe will then cycle back with a small hysteresis loop of reserve energy and intelligence. This insures the reproduction of the protons and electrons and sub-particles. Thus the universe will oscillate forever.
To me either solution is reasonable. Variations of the main solution are certainly possible where new galaxies are constantly created but this is only temporary as in the end everything must be erased before the next big bang can occur.

Is it possible that the Universe moves or swings back and forth in a regular rhythm?

In my opinion and not a qualified opinion, maybe so.  Maybe polarisation of matter at quantum state defines direction of matter opposed and attracted to matter.

I.e hot air rises, hot air expands opposed to itself.

We ourselves as humans increase the entropy of the milky way by population, we add energy to the system, we ourselves absorb and emit energy, we also add man made energies to the system, radio waves, electricity etc.
Maybe the first life was the random act that changed the universe form of a stationary state , and maybe this caused an unbalance of an otherwise equilibrium magnetic suspension, we add mass to the earth and the milky way, we are relatively central to our observation, maybe we are the cause of upset. But we can say maybe's all day long without evidence.

Find some evidence, prove your idea making it fact.

PmbPhy

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Re: What is the cycle time of the universe?
« Reply #3 on: 14/06/2015 06:59:30 »
Quote from: Thebox
Is it possible that the Universe moves or swings back and forth in a regular rhythm?
If the universe has enough mass then it can eventually stop expanding and then reverse and start to collapse. If its possible for this to repeat then the universe might oscillate in this manner. However given the existence of Dark matter this doesn't seem possible right now. If the dark energy disappears or reduces to zero some day in the future then things might be different. Until we have a better understanding of dark energy we won't know.

jerrygg38

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Re: What is the cycle time of the universe?
« Reply #4 on: 16/06/2015 22:41:37 »
Here is a copy of my letter to thousands of professors of physics all over the world. I will send out at least 10,000 copies
Dear Prof.
When I was a young man and going to evening college at Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn from 1956 to 1966, I used to correct my text books as I studied the various courses. Sometimes I would merely mark them up for future study. This was especially true with Einstein’s space time and various concepts in my modern physics books. It was clear to me that some things were wrong or poorly presented. At the same time the question of gravity was misunderstood. As I looked around the sky, it was self-evident to me that the Earth and moon were merely parts of an electrical motor and that equations of gravity should involve electrical terms. At the same time it appeared that all the basic theories of modern physics were very mathematically complex while the universe really works on very simple laws. Years passed and I started to work on “Doppler Space Time” and the “Dot-wave Theory” in 1981. Over the years my understanding has increased and my retirement in 1993 from the Radar Research Department of Sperry Rand has enabled me to self-publish several books. Although some people have been interested in my work over the years, I have never been able to reach the scientific community. Now at 76 years of age my only hope of bringing my work to the scientific world lies in the hands of those Professors who see the value of my work. Hopefully you will see the merit of my theories.
Although the physics of the material universe is quite complex involving the use of very complex math, it is my belief that the basic structure of the universe is very simple and only simple algebraic equations are necessary. It is my belief that the universe is composed of a multiplicity of two things called dot-waves. Everything is composed of these dot-waves and equations for them are easily produced. The electromagnetic field is the product of dot-waves and when the field is compressed electrons, protons, neutrons, and all the associated sub-particles are produced. Therefore what we see and measure is the product of what we cannot see and measure.
Since the energy level of the dot-waves is so small, the dot-waves cannot be measured individually. Physicists can only measure the interactions between large amounts of dot-waves and the electrons or sub-particles. Yet in our fields and gravity we measure the effects of huge numbers of dot-waves. My work involves finding the relationships between the gravitational constant and the electrical constants and the basic equations of the universe. It consists of looking at the universe from the units of coulombs, meters, and seconds. In so doing I have found that gravity is produced by electromagnetic fields due to the expansion of the hydrogen atom and other atoms which slowly produce a small spherical current. This enables me to calculate the time of the universe since big bang.
The equations of gravity only involves equating the mechanical forces between two hydrogen atoms at a distance R to equivalent electrical forces due to the spherical current flow on one hydrogen atom reacting with a second hydrogen atom. This gives us an expansion of the Bohr orbit of 1.21667E-28 meters per second which produces an age of the universe of 13.7827byrs.
One thing that I noticed over the years is that certain things were not fully understood in the various theories of the atoms. When we look at the hydrogen atom people wondered why the electron would not flow into the proton. Even today as I look on the internet, the question remains. The answer is quite simple as we look at an electron moving toward the proton. At the proton’s radius, the electron would need to achieve a speed of 0.9186C to achieve the mass increase of a neutrino.
Since the mass of the electron would increase greatly as per Einstein’s formula, it is not possible for the electron to reach the proton by the addition of a simple linear photon. Therefore only a spherical compression could force the electron into the proton to form a neutron. Then the neutron would be quite unstable by itself and the energy would be released. Therefore the neutrino contains the Einsteinian energy required to compress the hydrogen atom into the neutron. The neutron is pure photonic energy but appears as a particle or a photon because it was formed by spherical energy. It could be considered a spherical photon. The same can be said of the electron itself and the proton as well. The dot-waves are very flexible and form spherical photons, planar photons, photonic fields, and electromagnetic fields.
Einstein’s formula shows up again in the ionization energy of the hydrogen atom. At a speed of C/137 the Einsteinian energy within the electron is identical with the energy necessary to release the electron from the hydrogen atom. Therefore a little Einsteinian energy holds the electron close to the proton in the lowest Bohr orbit. This is a stable point since any more Einsteinian energy would cause the mass increase to overcome the electrical force balance. If we look at the balance of forces from an electrical analysis it appears that along with the change of mass, there is a Doppler change in the effective charge of the electron and an increase in its magnetic field due to increased speed. This causes a weakening of the internal electrical force at the same time the external mechanical force is increasing. The result is a stable Bohr orbit. Einstein’s formula works well for orbital motion because the photonic energy is built up over the entire orbit in the form of Dot-wave energy and not only where the electron exists. The cyclotron at CERN has Einsteinian Dot-wave energy built up over the whole path of travel of the electron or proton.
Another problem which has not been fully understood is that of gravity. At big bang, the initial hydrogen atom that was formed was very tiny. As the hydrogen atom expanded, the electron moved away from the proton. This caused a spherical current flow outward from the original stable Bohr orbit to the future stable Bohr orbit. By equating the spherical electrical forces to the ordinary gravitational mechanical forces between two hydrogen atoms, we achieve a speed of expansion of the stable Bohr orbit of 1.21667E-28 meters per second. This calculates to a time of 13.7827 billion years. The astronomers get an age of the universe of 13.7 plus or minus 0.1 billion years as per the latest TV discussion program of the Hubble data.
This means that every atom in the universe attracts every other atom in the universe due to a spherical electrical current and its associated dot-wave flow.  This is similar to the attraction of two wires with current flows in the same direction. The Earth is electrically attracted to the sun. The moon is electrically attracted to the Earth. In addition there are eddy currents within the moon induced by the gravitational field of the Earth. This causes a phase lock condition and only one side of the moon faces us. Meanwhile the moon causes eddy currents within the Earth which gives us tides and the like. The spin of our Earth causes the north/south magnetic field as every atom cuts through the spherical gravitational field. The same is true of the sun and other planets. Eventually this will cause us to stop spinning in the far future.
As we look in the universe we find interesting electrical phenomenon due to the expansion of the atoms and the dot-wave flow. The spherical gravitational electromagnetic field produces many interesting things for scientists to study. All are the result of the expansion of the atoms and the resulting DC and AC spherical field and their dot-wave flow. This solution to gravity will enable the scientific community to understand the interesting things in the universe. Notice how the rings of Saturn spin like a perfect electrical motor although it would appear that they are not electromagnetic. However an ordinary rock is spherically electromagnetic as it radiates its gravitational dot-waves.
The hydrogen atom, the neutron, and gravity are rather simple problems which were not fully understood. We also have problems with Einstein’s space time which is great for orbital motion but not linear motion. In general my Doppler Space Time is a better approximation for linear space time. It  also is apparent to me that the four units of kilograms, coulombs, meters, and seconds could be replaced with only three units of coulombs, meters, and seconds in which kilograms is coulombs meters per second. However most problems can be more readily solved using the four units.
In my Dot-wave theory, our universe is a product of the compression of an electromagnetic field. Therefore everything is electrical in nature. The universe is full of dot-waves. The charge of a dot-wave is 2.78622E-61 coulombs while its mass is 1.58411E-72kilograms.  The number of dot-waves within a proton is 1.055854E45 with an excess number of positive dot-waves equal to the negative dot-waves of the electron which equals 5.75037E41.  The universe that we see and measure is made up of 1.09628E125 dot-waves within matter which is the equivalent of 1.0370E80 neutrons or 1.73690E53Kg.

To be continued

jerrygg38

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Re: What is the cycle time of the universe?
« Reply #5 on: 16/06/2015 22:45:17 »

We live upon an Earth that is reasonably linear. The ruler is expanding and for a constant light speed solution, the time clock is slowing. After big bang the ruler was small and the time clock was fast for a constant light speed solution. We can also look at a variable light speed solution but once we move away from a simple linear solution our lack of a reasonable reference confuses us. In a black hole and at the big bang, the ruler was zero size and the time clock did not tick.  The center of the dot-wave is merely a focal point of the field. As such in a black hole the center is zero size and all the substance is in the external electromagnetic field. In our particles and photons, the center of the dot-waves opened up which enabled the universe to exist as we know it. As the center of the dot-wave opens up, the size of the dot-wave decreases in an inverse relationship. Although the photons of the universe operate at light speed C, our dot-waves themselves operate at extremely high light speeds. For possible universes which coexist with us and also reach beyond our universe, their dot-waves reach up to light speed infinity.
To understand what our universe looks like, draw a circle of radius Ru with a compass. On that circle draw a large amount of circles of radius Ru around the circumference. Each circle is the focal point of a dot wave. Notice that every dot-wave intersects the absolute center of the entire universe and touches an outer surface at radius 2Ru from the absolute center of the universe. Now turn the picture into a three dimensional spherical picture. We live on a spherical plane equidistant from an absolute center. Now we have to add the three time dimensions and non-linearity’s to the picture. This gives thickness to the spherical surface and other complications. However the basic shape of the universe is a spherical surface of distance Ru from an absolute center. In addition, an Einsteinian independent observer composed of higher light speed energy would see the universe as a perfect sphere.
As shown in my book, the basic equation for the time of the universe is calculated by equating the physical force between two hydrogen atoms separated by a distance R to the equivalent electrical force between the same two atoms as follows:
G Mh  Mh /R^2 =  2Uo (QC/137.036) [4pi Q Vb*] Cos30 /R^2
Solving for the expansion velocity of the Bohr orbit we get: Vb* = 1.21667E-28 meters per second. This in turn gives a time of the universe: Tu = 13.7827 billion years since the initial formation of the hydrogen atom. The cosine 30 degrees term shows that the gravitational force is a vector with both an inline and a perpendicular component.  This is important to help us understand why galaxies rotate. Upon this Earth we are inside the field and the perpendicular component has already been negated with an equal and opposite perpendicular force.
In addition, in my chapter on the conversion of mass to charge velocity, where kilograms equal coulomb meters per second; the formula for the gravitational constant in terms of the electrical constant is:
G = 16pi e Uo / (137.036)^3 = 6.67223E-11  Met^2 / cou sec
At the present time I am working on a model of the photon. We can look at the photon as part of the electromagnetic field. In that case all the action is external to the photon itself. Alternatively a model of the photon would be an inner hollow cylinder inside an outer hollow cylinder. The minus dots would occupy the outer cylinder while the plus dots would occupy the inner cylinder.  The length of the cylinder would equal the wavelength of the photon. Both plus and minus dot cylinders would spin in the same direction perpendicular to the motion of the photon. As they spin they would produce north and south poles by the right hand rule. The in line magnets would tend to attract each other but they are separated by different time dimensions. The net result is that they would always jump one half wavelength apart in the direction of motion. If the minus dot-wave cylinder was ahead, it would stop. The plus dot-wave would then jump forward one wavelength. This would continue at the speed of light C. Since the minus dots are on the outer cylindrical shell, the photon would be gravitational attractive perpendicular to the direction of motion. This would cause it to bend around the stars.
The photon is an electrical motor. As the photon loses dot-waves over time, it expands and turns red but so does everything else in the universe. This is common mode as the ruler expands as well. The redshift of the far stars is due to the expansion of the universe itself at the speed of light C. This is caused by the universe filling with free dot-waves in chaos. The electromagnetic fields and gravitational fields tend to be patterns of dot-waves and the photon model does not apply. Therefore sometimes the photons will appear as particles within dual cylinders and at other times they will form the patterns of waves.  Often what they appear like depends upon the measuring instrument or the human eye.
When we look at Quantum mechanics and the double-slit experiment some additional properties of the dot-waves are understood. Although the source of existence of the dot-waves is at Ru, the focal point of the dot-wave can displace the focal point of another dot-wave. The speed of the dot-waves is very high. Some operate at basically infinity light speed. Therefore a dot-wave can shift position basically instantly. Quantum mechanics uses probability in their analysis. An electron can appear here and a split second later appears one hundred miles away. Although the properties of the dot-wave are calculated with respect to the radius of the universe Ru, the waves overlap such that they merge at the gravitational fields. Thus within our galaxy each dot-wave appears to have the same source of existence. Even within a rock it is not really possible to distinguish one dot-wave from another. Although our photons move at light speed C, our dot-waves are extremely fast. An estimate for the speed of a dot-wave itself is 1000 light years per second. Basically the focal point of a dot-wave has an instantaneous reaction or jump capability whereas our photons have a speed determined by the spin and motor action of the structure of huge numbers of dot-waves.
In the double-slit experiment an electron or electro-photon can appear as a particle one split second and then enlarge to become part of the electromagnetic fields. Since the electron tends to be a single particle-wave entity, it readily transforms itself. The proton consists of many pieces. Each sub-particle can be a particle or expand into a wave. This makes it harder to move a proton a large distance instantly. When we look at a person, the probability of moving all the dot-waves to another location is basically impossible. Quantum mechanics provides an excellent job of mathematically explaining the sub-atomic world. In effect it describes the equations of large amounts of dot-waves. However the basic structure of everything is not quantum mechanics but Dot-wave theory. Quantum mechanics looks at the universe from the point of view of what we can see and measure. The source of our existence is not what we see and measure but the dot-waves themselves which we cannot see and measure.
Over the years I self-published and sent out many books for free. My “Doppler Space Time” ©2000 was of interest to many people. I was able to find people who had interest in my work by the Internet talk groups. At 76 years of age and on social security and a small pension I can no longer afford to send out my books for free.   Fortunately Create Space and Kindle gives me the ability to publish at very little cost. I no longer have to have thousands of dollars of inventory to worry about. All I can do now is to send out letters all over the world with the hope that some people will see the value of my work.  Recently I was going to retire from this effort and watch the carrots grow in the garden in my last few years.  Then I saw the new Hubble data on the TV and decided once more to send out my work. Hopefully it will be of interest to some people.
Although the physicists work with particles, sub-particles, and photons, they can never truly understand the universe from what they see and measure. The Dot-wave theory will enable them to understand the higher nature of our existence.   The Dot-waves are the source of our existence and someday the physicists of the future will come to realize that. Once they understand the Dot-waves they can start to produce some amazing things.

jerrygg38

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Re: What is the cycle time of the universe?
« Reply #6 on: 16/06/2015 22:49:03 »
Quote from: Thebox
Is it possible that the Universe moves or swings back and forth in a regular rhythm?
If the universe has enough mass then it can eventually stop expanding and then reverse and start to collapse. If its possible for this to repeat then the universe might oscillate in this manner. However given the existence of Dark matter this doesn't seem possible right now. If the dark energy disappears or reduces to zero some day in the future then things might be different. Until we have a better understanding of dark energy we won't know.

The mass of the universe radiates into dark energy dark matter. When all the physical universe has evaporated away, the dark energy will return to the pinpoint and the process will start over again. For an exponential sinusoidal solution I get 1088 billion years for the cycle time.

jerrygg38

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Re: What is the cycle time of the universe?
« Reply #7 on: 16/06/2015 22:52:29 »
It is possible that the universe oscillates from zero to infinity. If we assume that the radiation of the mass of the protons and electrons in terms of dot-waves follows an exponential function and we assume that the scientists are reasonably correct in that only 4 percent of the energy is in physical matter, the time period of the universe is readily calculated as:
e^(-t/T) = 0.04 where the age of the universe calculated from the hydrogen atom expansion is 13.7827byrs. Then the time period is 4.2818 billion years. It is then pretty clear than the rapid radiation from big bang to now fill the universe with 96 percent of dark mass/energy in terms of dot-waves. A point will be reached in the future where the energy of the protons, neutron, and photons, and sub-particles will be so low that they explode. I call this condition the little bang. Then only the  electromagnetic field in chaos will exist. Eventually it will return and another big bang will occur. An alternative viewpoint is to look at the inductance and capacitance of the dot-waves. If we do so, we get a cycle time for an exponential sinusoidal solution of 1088 billion years which is  8 (pi^2) Tu. At that point the physical matter is basically gone. The universe will then cycle back with a small hysteresis loop of reserve energy and intelligence. This insures the reproduction of the protons and electrons and sub-particles. Thus the universe will oscillate forever.
To me either solution is reasonable. Variations of the main solution are certainly possible where new galaxies are constantly created but this is only temporary as in the end everything must be erased before the next big bang can occur.

Is it possible that the Universe moves or swings back and forth in a regular rhythm?

In my opinion and not a qualified opinion, maybe so.  Maybe polarisation of matter at quantum state defines direction of matter opposed and attracted to matter.

I.e hot air rises, hot air expands opposed to itself.

We ourselves as humans increase the entropy of the milky way by population, we add energy to the system, we ourselves absorb and emit energy, we also add man made energies to the system, radio waves, electricity etc.
Maybe the first life was the random act that changed the universe form of a stationary state , and maybe this caused an unbalance of an otherwise equilibrium magnetic suspension, we add mass to the earth and the milky way, we are relatively central to our observation, maybe we are the cause of upset. But we can say maybe's all day long without evidence.

Find some evidence, prove your idea making it fact.

The energy we add to the system is really meaningless. The universe is erasing. We have already lost 96 percent of the mass of the visible universe since big bang. Most of this is from the stars.

PmbPhy

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Re: What is the cycle time of the universe?
« Reply #8 on: 17/06/2015 04:04:55 »
Quote from: jerrygg38
It is possible that the universe oscillates from zero to infinity. If we assume that the radiation of the mass of the protons and electrons in terms of dot-waves ...
Is there a reason why you've never explained what a dot-wave is supposed to be?

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Re: What is the cycle time of the universe?
« Reply #8 on: 17/06/2015 04:04:55 »