The Naked Scientists

The Naked Scientists Forum

Author Topic: Unified Theory - Smac Theory - feedback appreciated  (Read 586 times)

Offline smac49

  • First timers
  • *
  • Posts: 3
    • View Profile
Unified Theory of Physics:  Smac Theory*  - 
by P. Perek

Please note – the reason for my haste in publishing this Smac Theory hypothesis so rashly, unpolished, and unproven is that I cannot hope to prove it with my lack of resources.  However, I do believe, it does conform to much of what is known about the physical world. Furthermore, I felt an obligation if there was even a .00001% chance that this could be useful, I must ‘put it out there’ despite the more than likely condemnation.  – P. Perek

Unified Theory of Physics:  Smac Theory

For a new theory to even be conceivable with all the research that has been produced in physics over the centuries, this new theory must explain the fundamentals of the physical world in a nearly identical fashion. 

Current physics assumes a pull from the inside.  Smac theory assumes a push from the outside.

Smac Theory – an alternate theory of the universe, matter & energy

Universe –  a self-contained, fixed-size container that holds matter within it. 

Smac particle – the smallest particle that can be held ‘permanently’ or contained by our universe.  Any smaller particle can escape the universe. (Smac = smallest and contained)

Force – the force of repulsion surrounding a smac particle, the sole force in our universe. It is compressible. There is no negative charge and this force can explain all the forces we currently refer to as gravity, electromagnetism, strong and weak force.

Pre-BigBang – universal equilibrium exists – smac particles are perfectly equidistant from each other, repulsed by their force.  This creates a universal pool of smac where each part of the universe is connected to the other.  Matter integration is minimized. 

Shot-Bang Theory to replace Big Bang Theory

A large block(or many small blocks) of matter is introduced or ‘shot’  into our universe from outside. 
Regardless of which mechanism above most closely resembles the eventual shape of our universe several key factors occur with every scenario.

1.   The universal pool of smac is now under greater pressure.  The fixed-size universal container now holds a greater amount of matter than before.
2.   A vast amount of kinetic & potential energy has been added to the system, universal disequilibrium
3.   A mechanism for matter integration (ie. smac integration) has now been introduced.

Matter Integration:  Multifusion - The complexity of reactions resulting from the Shot-Bang Theory is far beyond the scope of this work.  Suffice it to say, the mechanisms of matter integration should apply on every level/scope of reaction.  This paper will focus on the integration of one particle.

Matter Integration –  Every sub atomic particle, every element, every molecule is ultimately composed of smac.  It is very important to note here, this paper describes the mechanism of integrating smac into protons in one single step.  However, it is quite possible this occurs in many steps, but the key point is that it would be repetition of this same mechanism over and over which ultimately results in a proton, the basic building block of the periodic table.

Multifusion -  In order to conceptualize the process, imagine a bullet being shot into a pool of water.   However in this case, we start with our universal pool of smac in equilibrium and shoot a chunk(s) of integrated matter through this pool at very high speed. 

Expansion & Contraction - The chunk(s) streaks through the universal pool, with smac particles being pushed/compressed at the front and a void created at the back.  The smac particles behind the ‘bullet-chunk’, move outward, colliding outward from the center forming an expanding sphere-like pattern until the universal pool begins to slow it.  Finally, it loses outward momentum and stops.  This is a critical point.  The smac particles are in a high-pressure sphere pattern on the perimeter with a sphere shaped void in the middle.  The potential energy of this pure-void is tremendous.  Now we have smac hurtling back at potentially a speed greater than ‘c’ because matter is travelling through a pure-void and not through a near void (ie. universal pool of smac/space).  The smac travels back toward the center at very high speeds where it wedges together in a series of ‘nesting’ spheres over and over again.  At the very center we have the most dense/tightly wedged core/layers and an increasingly less dense layer upon layer until we reach the outer most layers which are the least dense but wedged tightly enough to stay part of the particle and not return back to the universal pool.   This integrated particle created by multifusion is the proton.

Multiple Expansion & Contraction Phases:
Now, the process outlined above, one trip out and one trip back (one expansion/one contraction) is only part of the story.  It is likely that there are multiple expansions and contractions  In fact, when examining  an actual bullet being shot into a real swimming pool of water, you see that the water expands into a sphere and contracts to the center, not just once but several times.  This is likely the case for proton formation as well where after the ‘inner’ core of smac is formed, some smac expands outward again, contracts and wedges together around the core…and this process is repeated until the energy has been stored and or dissipated.

It is at this point that one can consider the proton (the building block particle) in Darwinian terms.  For a species to be a viable species, it must possess traits that allow it to survive long enough to reproduce.  This concept applies to a particle as well.  The proton’s structure is strong enough to survive the many collisions it must encounter in the universe and it must be strong enough/the proper size needed to reproduce/replicate via multifusion.  Finally it must be a versatile enough structure that it can combine/bond to form other stable particles such as helium or the other elements.  So, the process of multifusion may create other subatomic particles, but many are likely unstable and disintegrate immediately or can only be maintained via artificial means in laboratories.
The Proton Structure

Atomic Wedging -  Imagine a particle and its surrounding force like a grain of sand in the center of beach ball.  The grain of sand represents a smac particle and the beach ball, a smac particle’s ‘force field’/its area of repulsion.   For example, say you have 3 beach balls, you hold one in each hand and you now pick up the third one off the ground by squeezing/wedging it between the first two.  This wedging process is what is holding together the smac particles in a spherical shape…each particle is repelling the other, but its perfect spherical shape distributes the forces evenly allowing for this integration of matter.  Thus, multiple smac particles are held together via their opposing forces of repulsion in nested spheres forming a proton.  The inner core layers – most tightly bound, so the potential energy held within the bonds is the strongest.  The outer layers – least tightly bound, so the potential energy held within these bonds is the weakest.  The closer to the center, the stronger the bond, the farther, the weaker the bonds.

Current atomic theory:

nucleus = protons (positive charge) and neutrons(neutral), surrounded by electrons(negative charge)
*electrons move about the nucleus in energy levels in a probabilistic pattern known as the electron cloud

So beginning with the most simple, stable element, protium:
protium nucleus = 1 positive proton, surrounded by 1 negative electron

Smac atomic theory: 

protium nucleus = 1 proton (with force of repulsion – I will call it positive charge, though there is no negative charge), surrounded by an actual (not probabilistic) cloud of smac particles (also positively charged because only the force of repulsion exists)

The smac cloud shape is identical to the shape of the probabilistic electron cloud   

Atomic wedging keeps the proton smac particles together, but what keeps the particles in the smac cloud together?  Technically, they are not integrated together, they are the matter buffer between the integrated structure of the atom’s nucleus(ie. of the proton) and the integrated structure of the universal pool of smac particles that exist in equidistant equilibrium. Therefore, the nucleus repels the surrounding smac particles of the universal pool, moving them outward.  The outward moving smac particles slow and return inwards, colliding with the nucleus again and the process(ie this pulsating) repeats itself.  This disrupted area of movement inward and outward of smac particles between the nucleus and the universal pool that remains in equilibrium is the smac cloud.   

Atomic Structure:  nucleus + smac cloud, all matter is positive charged/it repels

Relationship between the smac cloud and the nucleus – The smac cloud shape/movement gives us a hint as to the structure and dynamics of the nucleus. Attributes of the nucleus that affect the cloud would include: its shape, its mass, its density, its spin, rigidity or fluidity of its layers, etc.

A sphere-like nucleus may result in a sphere-like cloud
A non-symmetrical nucleus may result in a non-symmetrical cloud
A lower mass nucleus will result in a lower mass cloud
Areas of differential mass/density, result in cloud areas of differential mass/density
Lower density outer layers may allow for movement/differentially moving layers(ie. earth core/mantle etc)
spin on an axis may affect the cloud.

In summary, the smac cloud is both particles and wave.  The mass of the nucleus will push out the surrounding smac particles in waves. So that the first group of particles (group1) are repelled out, they collide with the next group (group2) transferring energy, etc.  It is at these areas of collision/transfer where the cloud density is greatest (ie. particles) are more likely to be.  These could be consistent with energy levels in current atomic theory.

Atomic Bonding:

Smac bonding theory:

Please note – while describing the bonding process, some bonding processes require multiple stages of bonding, some simplistic possible formations described here undoubtedly far more complex.

The two factors that affect how particles bond are:

a.   the nature/characteristic of the particles being bonded
b.   the forces that drive them together

The proton is composed of multiple layers of wedged smac particles from most dense at the core (level 1) to least dense at the surface(level 5).  Bonding occurs when outside forces further wedge together two separate particles. (ie. fusion) The greater the force applied the deeper level the wedging occurs. 

In order of wedging depth:  Deepest (level 1) to least deep (level 5) -  Strongest to Weakest Bonds

Nuclear Bonding – bonds that fuse/wedge together the cores (innermost layers) of the two particles to some degree

Level 1 - proton core with proton core, most deep bonding – results in the different elements (strongest)
      any deeper and the protons are likely structurally unstable or torn apart

Level 2 - proton middle layer with proton middle layer – results in isotopes

Non-nuclear Bonding – bonds that do not reach the core/alter the nature of the elements

Level 3 – ionic bonding

Level 4 – covalent bonding

Level 5  – weak hydrogen bonds – least deep wedging/penetration (weakest) and other

Note - the levels have no quantitative value other than indicating relative depth

Nuclear Bonding: 

Current atomic theory:    One or more protons must be in the atomic nucleus, but a fixed number of neutrons are not required in every element.  Neutrons can be added or removed without changing the element.(ie. isotopes)  Thus, the proton and neutron were probably the same particle before fusion.  It is fusion that differentiates them.  The particles that fuse at the deepest, core levels are the protons.  Neutrons fuse at a less deep level.  Thus, smac theory, does explain why protons are the fundamental, defining particles for each element and not the neutron.

Creation of the different elements:

The combinations of particles that can arise from the bonding of protons and neutrons is numerous and complex.  The specifics of every combination are far beyond the scope of this paper. 

Even in the simplest case, when two identical protons bond, there are myriad possible outcomes for the structure of the fused particle.

Surface bonding – results in a very uncompressed particle – imagine two basketballs bound only via their thick cover layers – still 2 distinct looking spheres.

Core Bonding – results in a very compressed particle…imagine two balloons whose outer layers have penetrated to the core of the other balloon – look far more like one entity.

And now imagine every combination in between. 

To take this analogy even further.  Imagine taking every one of those combinations above and bonding them with every other combination repeatedly.  There’s no doubt the possibilities are endless, but the periodic table is not.  Therefore, clearly the combinations that produce sustainable, stable, long-lasting particles (ie. elements) is far more limited.  However, once again, it is helpful to consider particles in Darwinian terms.  Each element can be considered a different species of sorts.  It has evolved from a common ancestor, the proton.  And it possesses traits that allow it to survive it’s environment for long periods(it is stable). 

What is important to recognize is that at the nuclear level, when we bond multiple protons and/or neutrons we must consider the newly combined core as one entity and the newly combined outer layers as one entity, each with very different mass, density and shapes versus the original particles.  For example, two independent cores become one new core, two independent middle layers become one new middle layer,  two independent surface layers become one surface layer.  While these fused particles are no longer perfect spheres, they do share a similar construction: multiple layers of wedged smac particles from most dense at the core to least dense at the surface. 

Thus, protons are the building blocks of elements.  Elements become the building block of molecules.

Thus, an atom’s unique shape, mass, density, its spin, and internal movement within its different layers, particularly the outer layers, will have a big determination which other elements bind together.

Non-nuclear Bonding:    Valence Electrons & their role in Atomic Bonding

Current atomic bonding theory: 

1.   The number of electrons in the electron cloud is related to the number of protons (the mass) in the nucleus.

2.   Atoms share or transfer valence electrons in order to bond.  Thus, the outermost electron shell is the most critical for bonding.

3.   Elements with full electron shells (He) do not react/bond with others. Elements with 1 valence electron (ie Na) want to ‘give up’ their electron, while elements that are missing one valence electron (Cl) want to acquire an electron. (ie. they want to fill their outer shells)  Elements may ‘share’ electrons with other elements so that all of them have filled outer electrons shells. (ie. Hydrogen and Oxygen in H20)

Smac Atomic Bonding Theory:  In fact, all of these three rules also apply to Smac theory.   

1.   The number of smac particles in the smac cloud is related to the mass of the nucleus. 

For example, the mass of a hydrogen nucleus is less than the mass of a helium nucleus.  Less mass means less force to disrupt/push the surrounding universal pool.  Therefore, the smac cloud surrounding a hydrogen nucleus will have less mass than the smac cloud surrounding a helium nucleus. 

2.   The outermost layers (ie. plural not just a single outer layer) of the nucleus are critical for bonding.

3.   Elements with full/tightly wedged outer layers (He) do not react/bond with others.  Elements want to bond with their counter parts which will ‘fill’ their combined outer layer.  So, Na has a very low(empty-ish) density outer layer while Cl has a nearly full density outer layer.  Once bonded, their combined outer layers will be filled, unreactive and stable. So, these are very strong bonds because they are very tightly wedged.

If and how strongly atoms will bond depends upon a) the nature/characteristic of the particles bonding and b) the forces that drive them together

Valence Electrons & Bonding:  They key characteristic discussed so far - density of the outer layers and their ‘filling up’ to form stable bonded particles – is to some extent analogous with current electron-based bond theory.  In smac theory, bonding takes place with the nucleus, however it will have an impact on the smac cloud.  The way the smac cloud reacts is similar to the way the electron cloud model reacts, so causality describe in current bond theory between electrons and bonding was thought to be true when it is actually correlation.

Factors other than outer layer density:
However, the nucleus is very much a ‘ hidden black box’.  It’s shape, mass and density of its individual layers, spin, internal movement of layers, etc.  These are all factors that could affect which elements bond together and how deeply they may bond.  So, in essence, all particles are like little building blocks.  Some fit together well and are structurally strong and stable, some fit loosely together with weaker bonds, many don’t fit at all.  It is the smac cloud that gives us a clue as to the nature of a particles shape/internal dynamics.  It is conceivable that atoms of the same element have shapes (like patio stones) that nest or ‘fit’ easily with each other so that is why an elements atoms tend to combine. Again, in a way, integration is a survival technique’ for an individual particle.  At least for the ones at the interior - surround structure/integration gives it protection vs. the exterior/disintegrating rest of the environment. (ie. like a herd animal)

The strength of this bond depends on: how deep the bonding goes, how filled the outer layers are, the shape of the outer shells, how the two shapes ‘fit together’
How do we know there shape?  Their smac clouds may give us a hint.

Thus, an atom’s unique shape, mass, density, and internal movement within its different layers, particularly the outer layers, will have a big determination which elements bind together.

Forces: Gravity and Electromagnetism – due to site’s space limitations, I cannot include, will do so later.

Thank you scientific community for your attention.   Now let loose the dogs of war.


Patricia Perek
pperek at q dot com

*Reproduction/reprinting in whole or in part of this paper/theory is expressly prohibited without written approval of Patricia Perek.
« Last Edit: 03/07/2015 03:31:05 by smac49 »


The Naked Scientists Forum


SMF 2.0.10 | SMF © 2015, Simple Machines
SMFAds for Free Forums