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Author Topic: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?  (Read 2046 times)

Offline chris

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What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« on: 21/11/2015 09:20:31 »
Have you got a pearl of wisdom to impart, or a common gotcha, that can help others?

This site has some excellent tips

http://www.linuxuser.co.uk/tutorials/14-command-line-tips-tricks

Love to hear everyone else's tips too...


 

Offline RD

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #1 on: 21/11/2015 11:56:41 »
Newcomers can have taste of Linux whilst retaining their Windows OS, via a lightweight [small] version of Linux on a live CD or Live USB, e.g. ...

http://itsfoss.com/lightweight-linux-beginners/

https://www.linux.com/news/enterprise/systems-management/846633-best-lightweight-linux-distros

[ Posted via Puppy Linux running Pale Moon internet browser : a very fast combination ]
« Last Edit: 21/11/2015 12:05:34 by RD »
 
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Offline chris

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #2 on: 21/11/2015 14:55:47 »
Nice suggestion.

I've actually begun to write some short guides for myself over recent years; every time I find myself needing to do a certain task that requires a bit of looking up, I make a text doc in a mounted folder on the NAS called "guides"; inserting an alias into .bashrc for "guides" so you can quickly pull up the list and read the relevant reference text, is really helpful.

Maybe I should start posting my guides here; I have a few useful things now...
 

Offline nicephotog

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #3 on: 26/12/2015 04:25:23 »
Slackware 14.1 on ext4 file system in X64 is a good one.
http://mirrors.slackware.com/slackware/slackware-iso/

rpm2targz This command makes a red hat RPM package suitable for a Slackware tar.gz install command.
http://www.slackware.com/config/packages.php
 

Offline chiralSPO

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #4 on: 29/12/2015 04:43:32 »
for very beginners:

1) Use the commands "pwd" and "ls" often, so you don't get lost.

2) Always have a book or manual  on hand to double check a command and any additional modifiers or parameters ("info" and "man" commands can help here too)

3) never, ever, use the command "rm *" !!!

4) recall that there are multiple languages one can use (bash, csh, etc.)

5) play around to get used to the interface before getting to work! :-)
 

Offline chris

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #5 on: 29/12/2015 09:23:08 »
Tip #1

Configure "ll" to get informative directory listing without having to type "ls -l"

Either un-comment the alias ll="ls -l"in .bashrc:

In home directory:

nano .bashrc

Look for the line #alias ll='ls -l' and remove the '#'

Save / exit.

On next log in, you can type ll
 

Offline chris

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #6 on: 29/12/2015 09:24:11 »
Tip #2

Get the directory file listing by date:

"ll -t"

Alternative, get the cotent in reverse date order (oldest to newest) with "ll -tr"
 

Offline mathreal

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #7 on: 06/01/2016 19:07:44 »
Use a beginner-friendly distro like Ubuntu or Linux Mint.  Their package system is great and it's often easier to update programs in Linux than even Windows due to it.  Most smartphones and also Macs have similar package managers which help deliver periodic updates.  I remember there being a program for Windows back in the 90s called "Oil Change" or something that automatically installs updates for your programs over the internet but I can't believe it still hasn't caught on now...  although the Windows Store in Win10 is a good start.

Sorry to digress but another tip: try installing Linux on an older computer that you no longer use anymore.  No worries if you screw your computer up and if the installation succeeds, your old computer is usable again (since Linux is often freer of bloatware than Windows.)
 

Offline chris

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #8 on: 22/01/2016 04:41:37 »
try installing Linux on an older computer that you no longer use anymore.

Absolutely right; I've got Debian 7 running happily on a machine that is nearly 20 years old; it's being used as an offsite backup so the lack of processor grunt and the absence of more than one core is not a problem. I was pretty impressed that Debian found drivers to support all that ancient technology!
 

Offline nicephotog

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #9 on: 04/04/2016 02:41:56 »
Quote
mathreal :Sorry to digress but another tip: try installing Linux on an older computer that you no longer use anymore.

Don't agree to that any more since there are normal services such as video and large 20 mega pixel images to process and that requires at least 4GB RAM to struggle nowdays.
Second , i just put Slackware 14.1 into a 4GB but more for the reason of running the giant apps and programming IDE's i have that while are not video or image are huge.
Third , Slackware is always compatible with makefile utility and able to properly support normal UNIX /bin/sh

While other distro's have these underpinning utilities and drivers "in some form or way" they've ..."taken the words and kinda shuffled them around a bit"... (The truth in Advertising) making a unique partially incompatible version only for there own distro!
 

Offline chris

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #10 on: 12/04/2016 12:31:19 »
Tip #4:

Use logrotate to keep your log files under control and save disk space. The config file is /etc/logrotate.conf

Here is a useful tutorial: https://support.rackspace.com/how-to/understanding-logrotate-utility/

 

Offline chris

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #11 on: 19/04/2016 11:15:31 »
Tip #5:

To copy multiple files picked individually, use this notation:

cp /path-to-your-files-source/{file1,file2,file3,file4} /path-to-where-you-want-to-put-the-files

For big files run in the background in a screen session, this can save a lot of time.
 

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Re: What are your top Linux tips for newbies?
« Reply #11 on: 19/04/2016 11:15:31 »

 

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