« on: 29/09/2018 05:00:32 »
This was in-line with the answer I gave, although it's nice now to have that reference ...
Here's a link the paper referenced in the BBC article ...
Finding the needle in the haystack: Differentiating “identical” twins in paternity testing and forensics by ultra-deep next generation sequencing.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1872497313002275
Monozygotic (MZ) twins are considered being genetically identical, therefore they cannot be differentiated using standard forensic DNA testing. Here we describe how identification of extremely rare mutations by ultra-deep next generation sequencing can solve such cases. We sequenced DNA from sperm samples of two twins and from a blood sample of the child of one twin. Bioinformatics analysis revealed five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) present in the twin father and the child, but not in the twin uncle. The SNPs were confirmed by classical Sanger sequencing. Our results give experimental evidence for the hypothesis that rare mutations will occur early after the human blastocyst has split into two, the origin of twins, and that such mutations will be carried on into somatic tissue and the germline. The method provides a solution to solve paternity and forensic cases involving monozygotic twins as alleged fathers or originators of DNA traces.
I'd want to see it being replicated, (rather than just one pair of twins), before being confident paternity in all cases can be established.
The cost of full genome sequencing has plummeted in the last decade, so it's now a feasible option ...
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