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This is nothing but word salad.I did get a kick out of equations 1 & 2. Mathematical equations generally are mathematical equations not a paragraph of text.

The test of a hypothesis is the accuracy of its predictions. I don't see any.

The electron would tunnel from one atom, at a distance separate from the atom containing the proton, and exchange the W- for a W+ leading the two atoms (to which the foreign electron and local proton belong) moving closer together.

Quote from: samcottle on 28/03/2023 05:15:58The electron would tunnel from one atom, at a distance separate from the atom containing the proton, and exchange the W- for a W+ leading the two atoms (to which the foreign electron and local proton belong) moving closer together.The probability of an electron tunneling over astronomical distances is absurdly unlikely, so that doesn't make for a good explanation for how planets can stay in orbit around a star.

Can you tell me how unlikely it is?

Or you're too stupid to understand the words and so revert to discrimination and gaslighting.

Let's not hurl insults.Quote from: samcottle on 28/03/2023 23:15:16Can you tell me how unlikely it is?The distance factor in the tunneling probability equation is actual an exponent, so increases in length scale massively decrease tunneling odds: https://phys.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/University_Physics/Book%3A_University_Physics_(OpenStax)/University_Physics_III_-_Optics_and_Modern_Physics_(OpenStax)/07%3A_Quantum_Mechanics/7.07%3A_Quantum_Tunneling_of_Particles_through_Potential_Barriers#:~:text=L%3De24%CF%80,it%20is%20to%20tunnel%20through.That website does some example calculations. For barrier of 1 nanometer, the calculated probability for the low energy electron is 1.7% x 10^{-4}. When that barrier distance is increased to 5 nanometers, the probability drops drastically to 2.1% x 10^{-36}. If I plug a micrometer distance into the equation (1,000 nanometers), then the probability I get drops profoundly to 1.792% x 10^{-7,709}. There very probably has never been such an unlikely event to occur in the history of the visible Universe. That's just a micrometer. Millions of kilometers is just not feasible.

You're using free electrons here as opposed to electrons in their bound state around atomic nuclei, aren't you?

Or you're too stupid to understand the words

Also, the tunneling electrons (from their bound state around atomic nuclei) would encounter potential barriers at some points, but would otherwise largely be tunneling through empty space.

They certainly don't orbit the nucleus like the Moon orbits the Earth. Hence they must constantly be tunneling to different locations around the nucleus

I was referencing the 'word salad' remark, but never mind.

The explanatory power of this model is too great for me to simply put aside, unfortunately.

n.b. just to head you off at the pass, they do not use bound electrons from the probe tip, they pass a current through the sample (i.e. free electrons).