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You get the result of reaction after exerting the first force.

If I push a chair the response by the chair on my hand needs some time to occur it cannot be 0 seconds. Action and reaction is a physical process there must be time interval between the two events.

Newton's Third Law is violated by Maxwell's Equations. This would imply that energy conservation and momentum conservation doesn't apply. (Don't worry, we resolve this in the next few sections.)

Newton's Third Law is violated by Maxwell's Equations.

Quote from: hamdani yusuf on 29/04/2023 12:46:41Newton's Third Law is violated by Maxwell's Equations.I don't see how or why. You input energy to accelerate a charge, and get out energy as em radiation. Photons carry momentum.

IMO, it shows incompleteness of Maxwell's equations.

Maxwell's equations are not a complete description of physics. That's certainly true. For example, they don't describe how a projectile travels through the air.

Feynmann lectures.

We would now like to describe for you an apparent paradox. A paradox is a situation which gives one answer when analyzed one way, and a different answer when analyzed another way, so that we are left in somewhat of a quandary as to actually what should happen. Of course, in physics there are never any real paradoxes because there is only one correct answer; at least we believe that nature will act in only one way (and that is the right way, naturally). So in physics a paradox is only a confusion in our own understanding. Here is our paradox.Imagine that we construct a device like that shown in Fig. 17–5. There is a thin, circular plastic disc supported on a concentric shaft with excellent bearings, so that it is quite free to rotate. On the disc is a coil of wire in the form of a short solenoid concentric with the axis of rotation. This solenoid carries a steady current I provided by a small battery, also mounted on the disc. Near the edge of the disc and spaced uniformly around its circumference are a number of small metal spheres insulated from each other and from the solenoid by the plastic material of the disc. Each of these small conducting spheres is charged with the same electrostatic charge Q. Everything is quite stationary, and the disc is at rest. Suppose now that by some accident—or by prearrangement—the current in the solenoid is interrupted, without, however, any intervention from the outside. So long as the current continued, there was a magnetic flux through the solenoid more or less parallel to the axis of the disc. When the current is interrupted, this flux must go to zero. There will, therefore, be an electric field induced which will circulate around in circles centered at the axis. The charged spheres on the perimeter of the disc will all experience an electric field tangential to the perimeter of the disc. This electric force is in the same sense for all the charges and so will result in a net torque on the disc. From these arguments we would expect that as the current in the solenoid disappears, the disc would begin to rotate. If we knew the moment of inertia of the disc, the current in the solenoid, and the charges on the small spheres, we could compute the resulting angular velocity.https://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/img/FLP_II/f17-05/f17-05_tc_big.svgzBut we could also make a different argument. Using the principle of the conservation of angular momentum, we could say that the angular momentum of the disc with all its equipment is initially zero, and so the angular momentum of the assembly should remain zero. There should be no rotation when the current is stopped. Which argument is correct? Will the disc rotate or will it not? We will leave this question for you to think about.We should warn you that the correct answer does not depend on any nonessential feature, such as the asymmetric position of a battery, for example. In fact, you can imagine an ideal situation such as the following: The solenoid is made of superconducting wire through which there is a current. After the disc has been carefully placed at rest, the temperature of the solenoid is allowed to rise slowly. When the temperature of the wire reaches the transition temperature between superconductivity and normal conductivity, the current in the solenoid will be brought to zero by the resistance of the wire. The flux will, as before, fall to zero, and there will be an electric field around the axis. We should also warn you that the solution is not easy, nor is it a trick. When you figure it out, you will have discovered an important principle of electromagnetism.

But we could also make a different argument. Using the principle of the conservation of angular momentum, we could say that the angular momentum of the disc with all its equipment is initially zero, and so the angular momentum of the assembly should remain zero. There should be no rotation when the current is stopped. Which argument is correct? Will the disc rotate or will it not? We will leave this question for you to think about.

It may sound insignificant, but electrons have non-zero mass. Thus the electric current in the coil has non-zero angular momentum.

Quote from: hamdani yusuf on 03/05/2023 05:42:37It may sound insignificant, but electrons have non-zero mass. Thus the electric current in the coil has non-zero angular momentum.Since the drift velocity of electrons are on the order of < 0.5 m/hour, I would say it is definitely insignificant.