Naked Science Forum

Non Life Sciences => Chemistry => Topic started by: natalieee on 16/09/2008 10:53:51

Title: What are "electron shells"?
Post by: natalieee on 16/09/2008 10:53:51
um so i need some help for chemistry as my teacher is away all week. PLEASE if you can help me as i also have a test on thursday.

who can explain electron shells to me?
also ions and the ionic compound forming method?

and is the ion for ammonia NH4 r NH3
(the 4 and 3 being little under the H)

thank you.
Title: Re: What are "electron shells"?
Post by: blakestyger on 16/09/2008 14:07:51
The whole business of electron shells is too big to explain here but should be accessible in any basic textbook or you could Google it - though I couldn't find anything suitable.

Bubble ammonia (NH3) through water (H2O) and you'll get some ammonium hydroxide - that is, two ions, ammonium and hydroxyl, though the latter will have a water molecule bonded to make it a hydroxonium ion (H3O+)

NH3 + H2O → NH4+ + OH-
Title: Re: What are "electron shells"?
Post by: Bored chemist on 16/09/2008 21:52:45
That reaction goes in the oposite direction. Ammonium hydroxide has no real existence; it would instantly decompose to ammonia and water.
Ammonia is NH3
The ammonium ion is NH4+