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General Science => Question of the Week => Topic started by: thedoc on 08/07/2008 13:04:50

Title: QotW - 08.07.13 - Breathing Without Lungs?
Post by: thedoc on 08/07/2008 13:04:50
How is it possible for a Bornean flat-headed frog to have no lungs and breathe through its skin?
Asked by Jason Flakes, Virginia

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Title: Re: QotW - 08.07.13 - Breathing Without Lungs?
Post by: thedoc on 08/07/2008 13:04:50
David Bickford, Associate Professor at National University of Singapore:

[img float=right][/img]The ecology of the animal, where it lives are extremely fast flowing streams that are clear and cold.  Theyíre coming right down off of the largest mountain in Kalimantan, where the colder water holds more oxygen than the warmer water.  When itís travelling very fast the frog is able to basically run into more molecules of oxygen as itís carried in the water.  Also most amphibians are able to do most of their gas exchange through their skin anyhow.  The lungs in amphibia are fairly primitive and they mostly just get a little bit of oxygen through their lungs.  They get rid of most of the carbon dioxide through their skin anyhow.  What is probably the real kicker, the real reason these guys donít have lungs is that same very fast-flowing water could be detrimental to you if you got swept away.  A good way to get swept away is to be buoyant or to float in the water.  Having lungs makes you a lot more buoyant.  Itís kind of in the context of very fast-flowing streams that these frogs need to so everything that they do.  Itís easy to imagine that being a very strong selective force.
Title: QotW - 08.07.13 - Breathing Without Lungs?
Post by: lyner on 21/07/2008 18:21:15
Amphibians and fish respire very slowly and don't require anything like as much Oxygen supply as other vertebrates. Even 'cold blooded' reptiles use far more air, once they've warmed up in the Sun.
We (humans) would need gills with a huge area to replace our lungs.