Naked Science Forum

Non Life Sciences => Physics, Astronomy & Cosmology => Topic started by: scientizscht on 14/08/2019 11:02:23

Title: What is the most efficient CO2 catalyst?
Post by: scientizscht on 14/08/2019 11:02:23
What is the most efficient CO2 catalyst?

What are the bottlenecks of capturing and converting CO2?
Title: Re: What is the most efficient CO2 catalyst?
Post by: alancalverd on 14/08/2019 13:37:01
Presumably you want to turn CO2 into something more useful than wood or food, since the most efficient hydrolysis of atmospheric CO2 to carbohydrates and hydrocarbons is to do nothing, stop farming animals, and let the forests re-grow.

Audi have a process for synthesising motor fuel from atmospheric CO2 and there are a number of published papers on the synthesis of alkanes with Fe, Mo or Cr catalysts.

https://www.pnas.org/content/116/20/9693 is particularly interesting aas it takes a "whole system" approach to energetics.
Title: Re: What is the most efficient CO2 catalyst?
Post by: Bored chemist on 14/08/2019 18:58:09
What is the most efficient CO2 catalyst?

What are the bottlenecks of capturing and converting CO2?
The first part  doesn't make sense  unless you say what reaction of CO2 you want to catalyse.
The answer to the second is "providing enough cheap energy" (or finding space for trees etc).
Title: Re: What is the most efficient CO2 catalyst?
Post by: evan_au on 15/08/2019 01:18:07
Quote from: OP
What is the most efficient CO2 catalyst?
Quote from: boredchemist
The first part  doesn't make sense  unless you say what reaction of CO2 you want to catalyse.
If the reaction you wish to catalyse is: CH4 + 3O2 → CO2 + 2H2O

Then a very small spark is all you need to get it started, and then the reaction will carry on merrily all by itself, producing all the CO2 you could ever wish for. No real catalyst is needed.

The reverse reaction requires a considerable input of energy, and so a catalyst by itself is not enough.