I have been doing a little research which is a bit of a contextual mess, but I wish to try to link some past geology with the ways of life of people who lived in England from 15-1800s. In particular, I am/was wondering about resources that so-called wise people around that time might have used to treat the sick. This brought my attention to the use of capital punishment around that time, including those who were executed under the Witchcraft Act - some sources say that Gallows Hill in Chester had been used as an execution site since mid 1500 - 1800, while others say from 1600.
As I understand it, Gallows Hill was used until the government decided to move executions to inside prisons, where the condemned would be buried inside the prison walls (until a later amendment by parliament made it so that prisoners' bodies could be sent home).
Concerning pre 1900s, another source that I read, wrote about prison conditions in Chester and how the cellars that the condemned were kept in made it impossible for them to lie or stand. The cellars were a foot or so above ground level and I thought this data might be linked to another source that mentioned something about shallow soil and bedrock beneath it, so workers could not drill through.
1) I have no data about where those executed on Gallows Hill were laid to rest. How possible is it that they were laid to rest, if not cremated, inside the hill?
2) If the source about shallow soil in Chester is right, then are all burial places there on hills?
3) Is there a way to tell, without testing or digging into soil, if a significant portion of land has bedrock so close to ground level?
Could Aspergillus fumigatus pathogen, a fungus commonly found in foods such as bread, be detoxified with a reagent in order to acquire antigenicity? If so, could the said toxoid be used to preserve certain foods, without the need for other harmful chemicals?
I've read a few snippets on the web recently, which concern quantum entanglement, also whether data passed from one particle to another happens instantly and faster than the speed of light.
I came across these questions because I had been going over some of my old stuff and perhaps they helped me to solve, for my own hypothesis at least, how the instant and seemingly faster than light transfer of data comes about.
What if the measurement of either particle in an entangled state was synonymous with the separation of one from the other, synonymous with the disentanglement of A from B? What if, before measurement, both particles were only allowed to share the same state, because each shared the same photon? Then common sense told an observer, for entangled particles positioned a great distance apart, that the measurement process would require that each particle has its own photon. If this were to happen, the particles would no longer be in a coupled state. During the measurement process, one particle became disentangled with the original photon in a way that is synonymous with measurement. To me, this sounds like information may not be transferred in the way one would typically expect. For instance, it seems to avoid the problem of how data could get transferred faster than the speed of light: the separation of particles - because another becomes entangled with a different photon, is a way of transferring the data that may not require hidden variables.
One cannot expect that a direct measurement of one particle in a coupled state would mean this would bring about any changes in the other particle. But perhaps in some ways, those changes can be achieved. Perhaps, in order that measurement of particle a have any effect on particle b, the measuring apparatus must mimick the photon. The reason is, each particle a and b has potential. Not all of these potentials will be realized however in a single time-frame. The photon therefore, posessess the most potential. It has to be ready to serve data about particle a behaviour to the observer. So, rather than to begin with arbitrary measurement of particle, one begins with a series of arbitrary measurements of the photon. After arbitrary measurements on the photon have been made, the result should be a series of potentialities, pertaining to the photon and therefore particle a and b. Throughout this measurement process, information acquired about particle a, directly affects particle b. It is unlikely one would gain a classical measurement, though at this stage not impossible. The more arbitrary measurements are made on the photon, the closer one gets to a full description of both particles. That is to say, an observer at particle a, making a measurement would have no effect at all on particle b, because of a resitriction in potentialities.
A man steps from behind the door of a sun-dried hut. His clothes are white: two sheets of cloth, partly covering an out-thrust chest. In the distance, a group of tall figures stand in twos and threes. The man's eyes narrow. There are around fifteen to twenty, each wearing a white coat, their faces masked with clip-boards. Sunlight streams onto the barren landscape. The primitive fellow retreats, then re-emerges with an army of men, women and children. This is Greece. The year 345. The pen-wielding invaders make a few quick-steps as they eye parts of the settlement. One may be forgiven to think that these are some other-worldly beings. But no. These are humans. Time-travellers. The above is an example of what may be achieved in a few short decades. With evolutions in computing and other technology, we can clone time, teleport particles and send men into space. Reality, it seems, has shifted from the cave and into the once-perceived realms of science-fiction. Back, for the moment, to the year 345. A lot of people have abandoned their huts, headed over the field with sacks, jugs and food. Those who remain think this is a spiritual encounter. 'A sign', they say. 'From God!' For almost three centuries, Isaac Newton dominated the world of physics. It seemed we had almost an explanation for everything. From gravity to thermodynamics. From the heavens, to the sea! But at the turn of the twentieth century something strange was happening. Not unlike our story of the early Greeks and time-travellers, this something had opened the eyes of each physicist into a new way of reality. Quantum theory. There's magic in the world of science. Particles can travel the universe in an instant. Empty space is not empty. In the words of Niels Bohr, 'Those who are not shocked when they first come across quantum mechanics, cannot possibly have understood it.' It is the study of discrete energies and it's those energies that underpin all our knowledge of nature. I-pads, cell-phones and laptops. These are just a small range of technological advances made in recent times. However, there is an underlying force in these achievements. One that cannot so easily be observed. The human brain is the most advanced tool of all creations. We can do things today, that yesterday we could never have dreamt.