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I count 8 electrons, which would (if it is an electrical neutral atom) make it oxygen. I can also count 8 nucleons of one or other type (either proton or neutron) in the nucleus, which would be consistent with oxygen, except that one would expect some of the nucleons to be out of view, which should imply that this is a positively charged ion of an atom that is heavier that oxygen.As for splitting it - the notion of splitting an atom really means splitting the nucleus (removing electrons is merely considered ionisation rather than fission of the atom).If one takes Oxygen as an example, for instance 16O, then if one split it into two equal parts (atoms rarely split into equal parts, but for a hypothetical instance, it is simpler to consider equal splits), then you will have two atoms Beryllium (8Be).What is more ambiguous is when an atom emits alpha radiation, since technically alpha radiation is actually a Helium nuclei (4[/sub]He), and so is a primitive form of fission.
Hi Atomisers !Here's an atom...[attachment=1108]It's NOT to scale !!...nice isn't it ?...notice how busy and well together it is ?Extra browny points if you can tell me what atom it is !!But how do the clever bods who luff to blow things up split them ?What exactly is split apart in an atom ?...and can any atom be split ?...and finally...does an atom of one element give rise to a different quantity pf energy release than another type of atomI wanted to ask someone else these atomic questions but I thought it best to let ewe at 'em !!......(Groan !!)
As Hydrogen consists of one lone Proton and its associated Electron the only thing it could be split into would be its constituent Quarks, this would require a vast amount of energy although it has been suggested that this might occur in the larger Neutron stars.
In theory you could split the proton into a neutron and a positron; although soon later (half life about 13 seconds), it will probably convert back to a proton and electron.
...I woud suggest you look up nuclear fission to get more details.