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Saliva is a source of digestive enzymes that your body produces almost constantly. The enzymes in our saliva are designed to break down starches, sugars, fats, and other organic matter--many of which are found in blood. If you're in a tight spot and you can't get to a cold water faucet, try dabbing saliva on the stain until you can properly deal with it.
In some cultures, instead of germinating the maize to release the starches therein, the maize is ground, moistened in the chicha maker's mouth, and formed into small balls which are then flattened and laid out to dry. Naturally occurring diastase enzymes in the maker's saliva catalyses the breakdown of starch in the maize into maltose. (This process of chewing grains or other starches was used in the production of alcoholic beverages in pre-modern cultures around the world, including, for example, sake in Japan.)