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I think you'll find that the universe is thought be to at least 93 billion light-years across, even though it's only ~14 billion years old, because of it's expansion.
the microwave background radiation filling the cosmos is at the same temperature everywhere.
The reason for this is that we are inside a black hole that is rotating in three dimensions a bit like a smoke ring.The reason why the physical laws are conducive to complexity and life is due to the fact that, like life itself the physical laws, have evolved as the universe cooled down to enable complexity partly because complex recycling processes are favoured as the temperature falls and the uncertainty in behaviour decreases. and partly because we were "seeded" by a black hole forming in a complex universe similar to our own.Black holes in our universe are one way gateways to other universes that are forming in similar ways to our own and have a similar "size" to our own. This is because the process is essentially scale invariant outside of our universe is an indefinite number of other universes (its turtles all the way down!) So the overall total universe is a constant foam structure of nested black holes extending indefinitely in all dimensions
As far as entropy is concerned I am suggesting that it is the interchange between space and time dimensions effectively turning the universe inside out as it collapses through the event horizon that allows entropy to continue increasing without limit and creates this scale invariance
What you are describing is a far to simple and "mystical" approach. You need to get right down in there with the physics and maths. I suggest that you read Roger Penrose's book "The road to reality" try to understand it, and think again
Many theorists describe the universe in terms of information theory. one of the important properties of information theory is a measure called time-bandwidth product. You should also be familiar with Fourier transforms in this context.This shows that as one thing collapses towards zero another thing is forced to expand
Your question on entropy is not sensible. Entropy is a property of a large number of interacting elements not a property of a single particle somewhere in space. (even though a proton is a slightly composite object consisting of three bound quarks
If we assume that the Cosmic Background Radiation has a more or less globular bubble form, forming the boundary of our own material universe inside the multiverse
Oh!! yes it is sensible and the energy entropic state of the atom was just what the "Los Alamos Manhattan" scientists had to resolve to create the first fission nuclear bombLook it up if you like
The cosmic microwave background defines the edge of the optically visible universe because before then the universe was opaque. So that distance tells us nothing about the actual physical size of the universe its just as far as we gan see. Nutrinos and gravitiational waves could in theory panetrate considerably further if we could detect and identify a background ratiation component in these signals. however it would be very difficult to detect and prove.
From what I have said it should now become perfectly clear that asking someone to define the "entropy of a single proton in an unspecified enclosure or environment does not have any scientific meaning".
That is why I said a single REST proton has almost zero entropy, and protons like my coal example will depend from proton to proton, so it is "impossible" to give the entropic state of a proton unless we have of a tool like the LHC
Is there any study of how much entropy exists in a particle? For example, is there any connection between the quantum states of a string and the entropy/information in the string state? If a string state were perfectly symmetrical, then there would be less information in that state than if the string changed value along its length. So it seems that higher excited string states correspond to more information, etc. Or is there any connection between entropy/information and the probability amplitudes of the alternate paths of the Feynman path integrals? Where does entropy start to enter the quantum picture of things?Thanks
Reading through your reference and the extract above At first glance it all looks like a load of pseudoscientific garbage to me. I might give it a second look but I have seen so much stuff like this on the web it saddens me
Bsc Hons Physics FRAS MIET MinstP LRPS after my name!
The questions people ask me all the time, if the universe is everything and it is expanding, then into what is it expanding?.The reply by astrophysicists is "into nothing"!. This is most unsatisfactory and they go away more confused than before.There is a postulation , that outside of the spacetime fabric of the universe is absolute nothing, a vacuum in the absolute that is infinite in every direction and the universe is encapsulated in an energy like expanding bubble into this primordial, primevil absolute dark nothingness. To me that does not seem to be a such silly idea, in a way it makes senseAlthough I admit it is not good physicsAlan
Soul SurferQuoteReading through your reference and the extract above At first glance it all looks like a load of pseudoscientific garbage to me. I might give it a second look but I have seen so much stuff like this on the web it saddens me.But your idea of an infinite eternal ceaseless evolving universe not a little similar?I agree this was sent to me unsolicited but this article was written by PhDDr Adrian Klein and Dr. R.N. Boyd, PhD?