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My opinion is that when an electron collapses into the nucleus, the larger gravitational force turns the mass (or Atom) into a singularity.
As you may observe that I also don't believe a singularity has infinite density. It is very high density but not infinite. Matter can't have infinite mass nor zero volume. Not even a black hole's atom.
A singularity means a point where some property is infinite. For example, at the center of a black hole, according to classical theory, the density is infinite (because a finite mass is compressed to a zero volume). Hence it is a singularity. Similarly, if you extrapolate the properties of the universe to the instant of the Big Bang, you will find that both the density and the temperature go to infinity, and so that also is a singularity. It must be stated that these come due to the breaking down of the classical theory. As yet, there is no theory of quantum gravity, but it is entirely possible that the singularities may be avoided with a theory of quantum gravity.
Isn't a neutron star formed when the pressure from an exploding star causes the electrons to be physically pushed into the nucleus?
I know that black holes, though not admitted by most scientists are a result of a break down in the fine-tuning of the 4 atomic forces (gravity, electromagnetic force, strong nuclear force and the weak nuclear force).I am doing some research into this and will present my theory as soon as I work it out.
In a neutron star, the Uncertainty principle would (must?) apply. But that's ok because the energy state is much much less well defined under conditions of such high density. My original statement rather assumed the gas state.
The neutron star resembles a single giant nucleus because the density everywhere except in the outer shell is as high as the density in the nuclei of ordinary matter. There is observational evidence of the existence of several classes of neutron stars: pulsars are periodic sources of radio frequency, X ray, or gamma ray radiation that fluctuate in intensity and are considered to be rotating neutron stars. A neutron star may also be the smaller of the two components in an X-ray binary star.
Now if you see what I am getting at you'll realize that black holes are mostly composed of the nucleus, either with the absence of electrons or with these pushed into the nucleus. Less volume, more mass => High density.
You may just be right but I need to know about what can differentiate neutron stars from black holes in terms of this process.
Last two comments are quite good. I am still researching. But I'm wondering about your comment about sub atomic components being torn into their building blocks. What are they? Did I miss something out in Physics?
The exact physics of what happens to all these quantum particles is still unknown.
In addition, in a neutron star, gravity isn't strong enough to overcome all other physical forces. The neutrons still exist, and they aren't all squashed into the same point. In a black hole, the neutrons will be torn apart into their component particles, and all of this will be smushed together into one point. The exact physics of what happens to all these quantum particles is still unknown.
Protons seem to really have sub-sub atomic particles called quacks. Guess I did miss something in physics.
The black hole information paradox results from the combination of quantum mechanics and general relativity. It suggests that physical information could "disappear" in a black hole. It is a contentious subject since it violates a commonly assumed tenet of science—that information cannot be destroyed. 
The more I'm learning the more I realize how complex the matter of black holes is. But I will know it.Mass is not energy. It can be converted to energy but it's not energy itself.
If you're referring to nuclear reactions on stars like our sun then yes matter is converted into energy. However the reaction does not go with an energy to matter conversion. Matter just changes in form i.e Hydrogen <-> Helium.
What makes sub atomic particles different is how this energy behaves. As at now I assume this behavior may be frequency of motion or type of motion or both.
Mass is not energy. It can be converted to energy but it's not energy itself.
Quote from: demadone on 28/01/2009 10:48:32Mass is not energy. It can be converted to energy but it's not energy itself.Infact. Mass is not "energy", is "energy in a fixed region of space". 
So if light is the equivalence to mass?Does space 'bend' inside a particle accelerator?And photons near the Sun traveling away, shouldn't they create gravitational effects too?Have we measured that?
Vern, that is quite possible. I've always believed that atoms are made of energy. In fact we might just be on our way to make matter out of energy if we understand this secret. Photon energy or not but it must be something in those lines.
I think I would like to lay my hands on that information. It might just bring an end to all these lies about black holes.
OUT OF PURE LIGHT, PHYSICISTS CREATE PARTICLES OF MATTERSeptember 16, 1997A team of 20 physicists from four institutions has literally made something from nothing, creating particles of matter from ordinary light for the first time. The experiment was carried out at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) by scientists and students from the University of Rochester, Princeton University, the University of Tennessee, and Stanford. The team reported the work in the Sept. 1 issue of Physical Review Letters.Scientists have long been able to convert matter to energy; the most spectacular example is a nuclear explosion, where a small amount of matter creates tremendous energy. Now physicists have succeeded in doing the opposite: converting energy in the form of light into matter -- in this experiment, electrons and their anti-matter equivalent, positrons.Converting energy into matter isn't completely new to physicists. When they smash together particles like protons and anti-protons in high-energy accelerator experiments, the initial particles are destroyed and release a fleeting burst of energy. Sometimes this energy burst contains very short-lived packets of light known as "virtual photons" which go on to form new particles. In this experiment scientists observed for the first time the creation of particles from real photons, packets of light that scientists can observe directly in the laboratory.Physicists accomplished the feat by dumping an incredible amount of power -- nearly as much as it takes to run the entire nation but lasting only for a tiny fraction of a second -- into an area less than one billionth of a square centimeter, which is far smaller than the period at the end of this sentence. They used high-energy electrons traveling near the speed of light, produced by SLAC's two-mile-long accelerator, and photons from a powerful, "tabletop terawatt" glass laser developed at Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics. The laser unleashed a tiny but powerful sliver of light lasting about one trillionth of a second (one picosecond) -- just half a millimeter long. Packed into this sliver were more than two billion billion photons.The team synchronized the two beams and sent the electrons head-on into the photons. Occasionally an electron barreled into a photon with immense energy, "like a speeding Mack truck colliding with a ping pong ball," says physicist Adrian Melissinos of the University of Rochester. That knocked the photon backward with such tremendous energy that it collided with several of the densely packed photons behind it and combined with them, creating an electron and a positron. In a series of experiments lasting several months the team studied thousands of collisions, leading to the production of more than 100 positrons.The energy-to-matter conversion was made possible by the incredibly strong electromagnetic fields that the photon-photon collisions produced. Similar conditions are found only rarely in the universe; neutron stars, for instance, have incredibly strong magnetic fields, and some scientists believe that their surfaces are home to the same kind of light-to-matter interactions the team observed. This experiment marks the first time scientists have been able to create such strong fields using laser beams.By conducting experiments like this scientists test the principles of quantum electrodynamics (QED) in fields so strong that the vacuum "boils" into pairs of electrons and positrons. The scientists say the work could also have applications in designing new particle accelerators.Spokesmen for the experiment, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, are Kirk McDonald, professor of physics at Princeton, and Melissinos, professor of physics at Rochester. Also taking part in the experiment were William Bugg, Steve Berridge, Konstantin Shmakov and Achim Weidemann at Tennessee; David Burke, Clive Field, Glenn Horton-Smith, James Spencer and Dieter Walz at SLAC; Christian Bula and Eric Prebys at Princeton; and seven other physicists from Rochester, including Associate Professor David Meyerhofer; graduate students Thomas Koffas, David Reis, Stephen Boege, and Theofilos Kotseroglou; research associate Charles Bamber; and engineer Wolfram Ragg.________________________________________CONTACT: Tom Rickey, (716) 275-7954.
What's all this about black paper producing mass under the sun. Is that true?