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Someone I knew did work on addiction. He used rats as his test subjects and infused their nervous systems with heroin whenever they pressed a lever in the correct sequence. One day he showed me round his lab. We assume that his rats were unaware that they were taking part in an experiment, or that they were being given opiates, but they were extremely eager to take part in the tests each day! The moment the door to their cage was opened they ran out, up my friend's arm and then jumped into the test apparatus to get started.In other words, they may not have known what was responsible for producing the pleasant symptoms they experienced during the tests but they were aware of the situation in which it arose. This, in turn, motivated them to participate.Another way of looking at this is the way some prostitutes are exploited. Pimps often addict their "charges" to opiates so that the women become reliant upon them for a supply of drugs to stave off withdrawal. This keeps them pliable and cooperative...nice.Chris
Chris, you said''they were aware of the situation in which it arose.''Be very careful friend. Animals can be conditioned.