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"The experiment was supposed to show either of two things. Firstly that the velocity of a photonic beam coming from the sun to the Earth was constant and independent of direction of motion. Alternatively it was supposed to show an error term depending on whether the Earth was traveling toward or away from the sun."No, it wasn't. The experiment had nothing to do with the sun. It didn't use light from the sun.The only thing the sun did was have the earth orbit round it.Because we know the earth is going round in a circle (roughly) we know it is moving with respect to the universe. If the universe had some "luminiferous ether" pervading it then we would be moving with respect to that ether and the experiment would have shown that movement. It didn't because there's no "ether".There's nothing wrong with the experiment; the problem seems to be with your interpretation of it.
The experiment was done underground.Not a lot of sunshine.The earth's movement towards and away from the sun isn't that great.The difference between the furthest and nearest is about 5 million Km and it takes half a year to move that distance, so the average radial velocity is about 540km/hr. If you are on the equator the daily variation is bigger than this.What matters is the earth's orbital velocity (about 30 km/sec.)Over half a year the earth's velocity changes from that fast forwards to that fast backwards. This happens for any definition of "forwards" in the earth's orbital plane.So we know the earth moves about a hell of a lot. If there were an ether we would be moving through it. If that were the csse then the fringes would shift. They don't so we aren't so it doesn't exist.There's another explanation.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ether_dragbut it has been discredited. It looks a lot like your idea.
Do they explain things better than thet current theory? Are they equivalent to an old debunked "theory" like the ether drag?
Taken on the chin, like a man.Respect!!!
"So if people do not deny the experts of the world, then how can man progress. "You could answer the questions for a start.Do you have any evidence for them? Do they explain things better than thet current theory? Are they equivalent to an old debunked "theory" like the ether drag?
The Michelson-Morley experiment was a poorly designed experiment that never had a chance to detect the ether.
Everything I remember reading is that the sun was used. If they did not use the sun why did they repeat the experiment when we were moving toward the sun or away from the sun?
The only thing the sun did was have the earth orbit round it.Because we know the earth is going round in a circle (roughly) we know it is moving with respect to the universe.