Are we missing exoplanets that don't transit between us and the star?

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King, Steven

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King, Steven  asked the Naked Scientists:
   
Question:

I saw on a science show that telescopes are used to find planets around distant stars by measuring the light that star produces.  When a planet orbits the star, the light dims because some is blocked by the planet.  My question is about planetary orbits.  Is there some universal constant that says planets orbit counterclockwise and all on the same plane?

Suppose star xyz has planet abc but it's orbit doesn't allow for it to block any light to the telescope because its orbit is perpendicular to the telescope.  Is is possible we are missing a lot of planets because they do not block any light to our telescopes due to their orbit?

Steven King

What do you think?
« Last Edit: 21/11/2011 06:30:04 by _system »

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Offline Soul Surfer

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Yes we are most of them will not transit  the number we ARE seeing implies that most stars and star systems have planets
Learn, create, test and tell
evolution rules in all things
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Offline CliffordK

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Obviously there are many planets that are invisible to our current detection methods.  Most of the early planets detected were as big as Jupiter, or even larger.  Although, I believe some smaller planets are now being detected.  But, the ability to detect a planet the size of Earth, with a similar distance from the star is exceedingly difficult.

See the Wikipedia article for a summary of planet detection methods.  Many of which don't require a "transit" in front of a star, but rather are able to detect the presence of planets based on the wobble of stars due to planetary orbits, or even direct observation of the planets.