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Fetal alcohol exposure is a leading cause of birth defects and developmental disorders.
Children whose mothers were abusing alcohol during pregnancy can be at risk for various learning and attentional problems even without FAS
Individuals with FASDs are at a greatly increased risk for adverse long-term outcomes, including mental health problems and poor social adjustment.
A disproportionately large number of youth and adults with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol effects (FAE) seem to be coming into conflict with the legal system. Learning and behavioral difficulties associated with FAS/FAE may make them more susceptible to criminal behavior. This study determined the prevalence of FAS/FAE among youth who were remanded for a forensic psychiatric/psychological assessment. All youth remanded to a forensic psychiatric inpatient assessment unit over a 1-year period were evaluated for FAS/FAE. Of the 287 youth, 67 (23.3%) had an alcohol-related diagnosis: 3 (1.0%) had a diagnosis of FAS and 64 (22.3%) had a diagnosis of FAE.