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supporting a football team... societies are defined by their irrational beliefs and actions.
For example, constant threats to physical safety or ego integrity runs, say, the "social joiner/follow the herd/safety in numbers" program over and over, crowding out programs that make one want to separate, stand out, try something different, experiment, be independent.
But getting back to the original question about brain washing, Stockholme syndrome is an interesting phenomenon, because it does seem so irrational.
I’m not sure if you mean learned behavior on the part of the abuser or abused, or both. Like other kinds of antisocial behavior, a mixture of bad genes and a bad environment are a disastrous combination, but one or the other has a much weaker predictive value, or is not predictive at all. Not all abusive men come from abusive homes, and many who experience and witness abuse actively oppose it as adults. Likewise, statistically, most women who have been in an abusive relationship did not grow up in abusive home and do not suffer from significantly low self esteem, other than the feelings originating with the abusive experience itself.
In that respect, the gradual shift in thinking, the loss of perspective from isolation, the unrelenting intimidation, the inability to predict when and why the abuser will "explode", even things like deliberate sleep deprivation, have a lot in common with what people experience in cults. And in both cases, a year or so afterwards, people who have these experiences are amazed that they felt and acted the way they did, as if they weren't really themselves during the experience. In that respect I think it is more like brain washing than a type of learned behavior.