Socio-Economic Aspect of Rural Development

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Offline Mukti Ram Chapagain

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Socio-Economic Aspect of Rural Development
« on: 19/08/2006 14:41:31 »
Socio-Economic Aspect of Rural Development

Rural Development (RD) is a multidimensional and dynamic concept. RD is more than just economic growth and indicates the positive change of social, economic and political sectors along with other aspects. It not only includes upgrading in physical infrastructures but also rise in production and consumption, fulfillment of basic needs as well as improvement in quality of life. The goal of RD has to be the promotion of access in natural, physical, social, economic & human capital and their sustainable utilization for livelihood.

Sustainable resource utilization, population management, Information Technology (IT), development of physical infrastructure, education, health & human resources are different elements of a single system in which a change in one of these elements brings about a change in the whole system.

In the absent of appropriate technology and competent human resource, our valuable resources have been less productive than they could have been. The implementation of a new technology will require new form of social organization and human power. Availability of land, water and forest (Natural capital) are not enough. For Economic growth and poverty reduction through proper utilization of Natural capital," knowledge and skill" (Human Capital) along with joint effort of concerned people (Social capital) is required. Mutual understanding, cooperation, sense of responsibility and social effort can act as a strong weapon to fight against the severe poverty and scarcity of capital and resources.

The basic need of a human being is no longer limited to food, shelter and clothing. It is a broad concept and includes education, health and social security as well. But without fulfilling the conventional fundamental requirements, other needs cannot be addressed properly. First priority of development should be poverty reduction and food security which are very much interrelated and cannot be solved without addressing each other. Alternative production and employment through non-agricultural, non-timber profession can contribute to increase the rural income. Only, then we will be able to achieve rest of the basic needs.

Technology, consumption pattern and development strategy should be flexible because human needs change along with time. In this context, prevalent educational system seems to be outdated so in order to adjust with time we need to bring radical changes.

Information Technology (IT) has not only changed the world into a small village but has also leaded every sector in the society towards a revolutionary change. Mass media like Radio, TV, FM and Paper and communication media like phone, fax, email and internet has been playing vital and active role for the exchange of culture, creation of social awareness and commercialization. Unfortunately impoverished rural people don't have sufficient access to these means of communication.

To increase the access to information, prevalent Rural Information Center (RIC) needs to be more practical and participative.
Capitalization of available resources can lead the society towards economic development. Economical value of rural resource can be obtained only through commercial production.

Link between producer, processor and traders can encourage the commercial production and establishment of Rural Market (RM). RM should be the source of commercial production and should provide the opportunity for alternative production pattern. Reliability of regular supply of products can be enhanced by collaboration of producers through cooperative concept.

Some traditional values, norms and beliefs are the deterrents for social transformation. Conservative people hardly accept new ideas and concepts in the conventional rural society so those willing to change have to go through a lot of hardships in this society. Norms and values of society should instead play a vital role to seek a way out of psychological conflict between the generations in the society.

It is not possible to wish development without peace, cooperation and good social environment. Due to the social indiscrimination and inequality, deprived groups do not have equitable access in development practices. Unbiased participation approach is the key way to create a common goal and, thereby, bring all groups irrespective of social status, gender, cast etc in to the mainstream of development.

M. R. Chapagain
Kathmandu, Nepal
Now in South Zealand Business College, Denmark
« Last Edit: 19/08/2006 20:35:44 by mrchapagain »
Mukti Ram/M. R. Chapagain
Kathmandu, Nepal
Now in South Zealand Business College/HSSYD, Denmark