what are the odds all the pieces of such a complicated mathematical puzzle to fall in places perfectly by chance?

Theoretical Physicists have taken the opposite approach with

String Theory.

There are a large number of parameters that can be customised in String Theory, to produce radically different predictions, so there is not just

*one *String Theory.

I saw an estimate that by selecting different values for these parameters, you could generate 10

^{500} *different *string theories. This is a

*huge *number, far bigger than a

Googol (the number, not the corporation)!

So the question:

**Is Not**: What is the chance that a single string theory can explain the universe by chance?

**It Is**: What is the chance that one of these 10^{500} String Theories happens to act something like the universe we see around us?

The odds on the second question are a lot better than on the first question.