How fast is force transmitted in an Newton's Cradle?

  • 3 Replies
  • 1967 Views

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

*

Offline allan marsh

  • Full Member
  • ***
  • 91
    • View Profile
I was given one of this desk toy that consist five heavy metal ball hanging from an overhead rod.
You will have seem the four balls touching when the fith ball is allowed to swing against the touching group.
My question is...... How fast is the effect past from one ball to the last,noting they are all touching..... What is the shunting speed?
« Last Edit: 12/02/2015 11:00:57 by chris »
A man that knows he is right is almost sure to be wrong.....etc.  Michael faraday 1819

*

Offline David Cooper

  • Neilep Level Member
  • ******
  • 1505
    • View Profile
Re: Swinging heavy metal balls
« Reply #1 on: 06/02/2015 17:16:58 »
You want the speed of sound in metal then. I think from memory that it's four times the speed of sound in air if you're putting your ear to a railway track to determine whether a train is coming.

*

Offline evan_au

  • Neilep Level Member
  • ******
  • 4310
    • View Profile
Re: Swinging heavy metal balls
« Reply #2 on: 08/02/2015 06:20:27 »
The speed of sound in steel is around 6000m/s.

This toy is called Newton's Cradle (or Newton's Balls)...

I was surprised to see that for it to work well, you need a small gap between the balls (of around 10-20μm).
This would slow down the speed of transmission compared to a long steel rod of the same length.

*

Offline wolfekeeper

  • Neilep Level Member
  • ******
  • 1093
    • View Profile
Re: How fast is force transmitted in an Newton's Cradle?
« Reply #3 on: 18/03/2015 14:43:00 »
No such gap is needed; it works fine when they touch.