Maybe we could call the expansionary force the X-force. It seems to be the equal and opposite of gravity, but not its anti-force (i.e. a graviton and an x-particle would not annihilate). The x-force appears to slow down time (or increase distance, same deal) whilst gravity speeds it up (or decreases distance). Where gravity and the x-force balance we appear to have structures (related to matter). These structures appear at various scales of the universe that are very likely related to the quantum of energy (see below). So we have a particle, a solar system and a galaxy and so on (related to Einstein’s frames of reference) where gravity and the x-force are in equilibrium. Time is “frozen” for each of these structures, neither speeding up nor slowing down.

Whilst I am not at all sure how each scale of the universe comes into being, I suspect strongly it is related to the quantum of energy. Each scale will come with a base quantum of energy that is related to the “frozen” time of the scale. This will maybe result in something like an exponential set of scales (.ie. Scale 2, scale 4, scale 16 etc.). This will also likely relate to Planck’s constant H and the quantum’s probability wave. Lots of food for thought here.

There is also related to the concept of “normal” that is experienced by entities at each scale of the universe. Each entity will have an experience of time and distance that is identical in terms of a universal “normal”. This in turn may mean that time and distance are related to perspective. The universe may exists in a near-infinitely small point (or not at all!!!)! The universe itself may see itself as living to 100 years when you and I see it as existing for 14 billion years.