The concept of an aether is the story of 2500 years of an undetectable medium. A short summary of the genesis of how the aether might have been created is given at an earlier post :

postIn short such an aether would consist of innumerable more or less fixed solenoid points that have the capability of orientating themselves in 360 degrees in the direction of propagation of any electromagnetic radiation (photons) , forming a line whose ends rest on infinity. The theory is that early light was trapped within the bounds of the Universe, as it spread further and further with the expanding Universe it is reasonable to assume that it permeated the entire Universe, while at the same time decreasing in intensity. As the area over which these photons increased the light began to fade and lose energy, until at the point of furthest expansion of the Universe, the light disappeared,

*but it was still there*. The light had lost so much energy that although it retained its structure, it was virtually undetectable. It had such low energies ( on the order of 10

^{-40} J that it was virtually undetectable. This is the virtual photon aether that permeates the entire Universe. Consider for a moment the properties of such a 'virtual photon aether' , it would be : invisible, odourless, massless, tasteless, colourless, electrically neutral and most important of all would be undetectable and would be able to pass through matter as if it did not exist. Since the aether has such low energies it means in effect that it can pass through matter as if it did not exist, no atom or electron would have a use for such low energies. The main thing to remember is that through all this the physical structure of the photon remained unchanged. To recap the GAT model of the photon:

Since the electron is a unit of electrical energy, what could be more probable than that it regulates its energy by emitting or absorbing pulses of electrical energy. These pulses of energy might take the form of bands of energy that become electrically polarised :

One result of the polarisation is that the electrical energy takes the form of a solenoid, this results in the photon being both massless and electrically neutral:

A depiction of what a photon might look like:

Returning for a moment to the problems posed by the propagation of light. IF light was a particle there would be no problem with its propagation through a vacuum, it is well established that when a stone is thrown in space where a vacuum prevails, it will travel forever, and for a short time with Sir Isaac Newton's assertion that light was made up of particles it seemed that the problem of light propagation had been solved. However, things turned out to be not so simple as that. Light as it travelled through space dissipated in accordance with the inverse square law. This meant that light had wave properties and therefore in order to travel from one place to another would require a medium. Yet the problem did not end there, for with the formulation and validation of the photoelectric effect it was found that light possesses one more unique property, it is able to maintain its individual energy or identity for as long as it exists. This means that even if light has been travelling for millions or even billions of light years, its original identity or energy would be unchanged. How is this possible ? It seems to be in contravention of every idea available to the human mind. And YET HERE for the first time is given a completely commonplace and acceptable explanation based on one of the oldest mathematical formulas in existence namely: TOTA IN SUMMA EST or TOTA ERGO SUM ( The Total is the sum and : the Total is therefore the sum).

Returning to the GAT model of the photon depicted above, you will notice that the electron emits bands of electrical energy that make up the photon, these bands of energy are separated by spaces that constitute an almost perfect di-electric. This in turn means that the whole photon constitutes a capacitor or condensor ( which also gives rise to the solenoidal formation) that can STORE energy for long periods of time. THIS IS HOW THE PHOTON IS ABLE TO MAINTAIN its identity or energy.

Thus once a photon is emitted by an electron, the photons of the 'virtual photon aether' form into a line whose ends rest on infinity AND ( this is important) the energy of the photon travels along this line of 'virtual photons'. This is the reason that the speed of light is constant. It is not the photon itself that travels, it is its energy that is transported. As the energy of the photon moves along the line of aligned 'virtual photons' it is dissipated to the virtual photons that surround it on all sides. Thus each of the photons surrounding the real photon is promoted to the energy of a real photon. Thus the TOTAL energy of each photon in the line of propagation is passed on to the 'virtual photon' next to it. How is this possible ? In order to understand this concept it is necessary once and for all to discard the old definition of photon emission as being a ONE OFF affair. A photon is emitted, the electron returns to its rest state and after some indeterminable period another photon is absorbed and emitted and so on. SUCH IS NOT THE CASE. The emission and absorption of photons is a dynamic process. When an atom is irradiated with radiation the electron is in a constant state of excitation, it oscillates back and forth absorbing and emitting photons at the same frequency of the light that is irradiating it. This is where the motto TOTA SUMMA ERGO comes into play. The electron ( in effect) keeps track of the number of photons that it is emitting, therefore it is possible to accurately calculate exactly how far that photon ( or series of photons ) will travel, and depending on whether it is coherent or incoherent light that is being emitted) also to calculate exactly how FAR and to WHAT EXTENT IT WILL SPREAD OUT. This also makes possible to understand how photons can suddenly cease to exist ( i.e., merge with the 'virtual photon aether' surrounding them) without gradually diminishing in energy. Only the whole energy of the real photon can be passed on, not a fraction of it. Thus when the energy falls below that threshold, there is in effect no energy left and everything returns to the 'virtual photon aether' state. Thus energy is conserved, what exists still exists.