What are your favourite Scientific Words

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Offline Jenguin

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« on: 14/05/2007 14:21:48 »
Hi all,

I thought it might be fun to start a thread about all our favourite sciency-type words and names for things - there sure are some funny ones out there!!

To start off, I am going to offer up two of my own favourites:
Hepatosplenomegaly (an enlarged liver and spleen often due to a parasitic infection)
Scaphagnothite (if my memory serves me well, this is a part of a crab that acts like a windscreen wiper, brushing food particles that have entered through the gills down to the edge of the carapace to be taken into the alimentary canal)

I look forward to hearing yours...
« Last Edit: 26/05/2007 00:07:53 by ukmicky »
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jolly

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #1 on: 14/05/2007 14:34:59 »
GAS

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Offline Jenguin

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #2 on: 14/05/2007 14:39:31 »
always a good one - somehow liquid and solid were never that funny!
Jen Valsler

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Offline Ben6789

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #3 on: 14/05/2007 16:44:23 »
Radon.

tee hee hee...radon.. [:D]
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Offline tony6789

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #4 on: 14/05/2007 16:51:34 »
ben i thought urs was honkey remameber? last year Mr.s A's class?
LCPL Hart USMC 6400 I Level Avionics

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Offline Ben6789

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #5 on: 14/05/2007 16:52:39 »
Hey! It was a good guess! She even said so when she wasn't argueing with you for the whole period.
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Offline Karen W.

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #6 on: 14/05/2007 17:20:32 »
nucleus

"Life is not measured by the number of Breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away."

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Offline BenV

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #7 on: 14/05/2007 17:29:48 »
Apoptosis - it means programmed cell death, but it's a lovely word to say.

And following on from Hepatosplenomegaly - just the word 'Spleen' is a good one.

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Offline Batroost

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #8 on: 14/05/2007 18:12:04 »
A phrase 'Material Buckling Factor' beacuse it has nothing to do with materials buckling!

(It tells you the power-shape of a reactor with a moderator made of the material you're interested in).
Never express yourself more clearly than you are able to think.

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Offline BenV

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #9 on: 14/05/2007 18:36:42 »
Not so much a science term as an IT term:  Regular backups are called "Periodic Massive Dumps"

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Offline Jenguin

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #10 on: 15/05/2007 19:03:23 »
I put this in general science from the chat room because I wanted people to define the words that they post...
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Offline Seany

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #11 on: 15/05/2007 21:02:02 »
Haemoglobin. Testes [;)]

Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious.
They say that when you die, your life flashes in front of you. Make it worth watching!


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Offline iko

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Re: What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #12 on: 15/05/2007 21:19:17 »
Hi all,

my favourite Science word could be:

...was SERENDIPITOUSLY found...
(485,000 catches on Google)
(280 citations on PubMed)

so basic in scientific research!

ikod   [^]



Penicillin

Penicillin was originally isolated from the Penicillium chrysogenum (formerly Penicillium notatum) mold. The antibiotic effect was originally discovered by a young French medical student Ernest Duchesne studying Penicillium glaucum in 1896, but his discovery was ignored by the Institut Pasteur.
It was serendipitously rediscovered in 1928 by Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming, who noticed a halo of inhibition of bacterial growth around a contaminant blue-green mold on a Staphylococcus culture. Fleming concluded that the mold was releasing a substance that was inhibiting bacterial growth. He grew a pure culture and discovered that the fungus was Penicillium notatum � he later named the bacterial inhibiting substance penicillin after the Penicillium notatum that released it. Fleming was convinced after conducting some more experiments that penicillin could not last long enough in the human body to kill pathogenic bacteria and stopped studying penicillin after 1931. It would prove to be the discovery that changed modern medicine. In 1939, Australian Howard Walter Florey and a team of researchers at Oxford University made significant progress in showing Penicillin’s in vivo ability to kill infectious bacteria.
Penicillin was being mass-produced in earnest in 1944
During World War II, penicillin made a major difference in the number of deaths and amputations caused by infected wounds amongst Allied forces. Availability was severely limited, however, by the difficulty of manufacturing large quantities of penicillin and by the rapid renal clearance of the drug necessitating frequent dosing. Penicillins are actively secreted and about 80% of a penicillin dose is cleared within three to four hours of administration. During those times it became common procedure to collect the urine from patients being treated so that the penicillin could be isolated and reused. (Silverthorn, 2004)
This was not a satisfactory solution, however, so researchers looked for a way to slow penicillin secretion. They hoped to find a molecule that could compete with penicillin for the organic acid transporter responsible for secretion such that the transporter would preferentially secrete the competitive inhibitor. The uricosuric agent probenecid proved to be suitable. When probenecid and penicillin are concomitantly administered, probenecid competitively inhibits the secretion of penicillin, increasing its concentration and prolonging its activity. The advent of mass-production techniques and semi-synthetic penicillins solved supply issues, and this use of probenecid declined. (Silverthorn, 2004) Probenecid is still clinically useful, however, for certain infections requiring particularly high concentrations of penicillins. (Rossi, 2004)
The chemical structure of penicillin was determined by Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin in the early 1940s, enabling synthetic production. A team of Oxford research scientists led by Australian Howard Walter Florey and including Ernst Boris Chain and Norman Heatley discovered a method of mass producing the drug. Florey and Chain shared the 1945 Nobel prize in medicine with Fleming for this work. Penicillin has since become the most widely used antibiotic to date and is still used for many Gram-positive bacterial infections.

from:   http://www.spmclanka.com/cms/   



« Last Edit: 16/05/2007 09:24:20 by iko »

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Offline rosalind dna

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #13 on: 26/06/2008 16:22:04 »
Crystallography

(from the Greek words crystallon = cold drop / frozen drop, with its meaning extending to all solids with some degree of transparency, and graphite is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in solids.
In older usage, it is the scientific study of crystals.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crystallography


Diffraction

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diffraction

Single Helix DNA Structure


And of Course

Rosalind Franklin !!!

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosalind_Franklin


Rosalind Franklin was my first cousin and one my life's main regrets is that I never met this brilliant and beautiful lady.
She discovered the Single DNA Helix in 1953, then it was taken by Wilkins without her knowledge or agreeement.

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blakestyger

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #14 on: 26/06/2008 17:21:28 »
Buckminsterfullerene - a C60 allotrope of carbon discovered by a scientist and named after an architect. [???]

Spherical forms are called Buckyballs. [:0]


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Offline Andrew K Fletcher

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #15 on: 26/06/2008 18:15:55 »
Truth
Science is continually evolving. Nothing is set in stone. Question everything and everyone. Always consider vested interests as a reason for miss-direction. But most of all explore and find answers that you are comfortable with

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lyner

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #16 on: 26/06/2008 19:38:43 »
Give me "rigour" any time.

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Offline Make it Lady

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #17 on: 26/06/2008 19:53:19 »
phenylphaline an indicator, laxative and a word with two phs in it. Fancy being an indicator and having ph twice in your name.

« Last Edit: 26/06/2008 19:55:10 by Make it Lady »
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Offline DoctorBeaver

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #18 on: 26/06/2008 22:02:12 »
Herpetologist. I thought it was someone who studied herpes  [:)]
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blakestyger

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #19 on: 26/06/2008 22:17:08 »
 Wasn't Herpes that Greek god with wings on his feet?

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Offline iko

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« Reply #20 on: 26/06/2008 22:20:57 »
Wasn't Herpes that Greek god with wings on his feet?

That was HERMES, dummy!


...favourite word? odd beaver soil! or old fever boil?  [;)]
« Last Edit: 26/06/2008 22:23:42 by iko »

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Offline DoctorBeaver

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« Reply #21 on: 26/06/2008 22:34:23 »
No. Hermes is an aircraft carrier. That wingy-footed shirt-lifter could never carry an aircraft.
« Last Edit: 27/06/2008 07:50:08 by DoctorBeaver »
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Offline rosalind dna

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #22 on: 26/06/2008 23:29:25 »


No. Hermes is a aircraft carrier. That wingy-footed shirt-lifter could never carry an aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlas_(mythology)
The Greek God Atlas could lift more than an aeroplane because he could carry the whole world on his Back !!
Rosalind Franklin was my first cousin and one my life's main regrets is that I never met this brilliant and beautiful lady.
She discovered the Single DNA Helix in 1953, then it was taken by Wilkins without her knowledge or agreeement.

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Offline DoctorBeaver

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« Reply #23 on: 27/06/2008 07:49:27 »


No. Hermes is a aircraft carrier. That wingy-footed shirt-lifter could never carry an aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlas_(mythology)
The Greek God Atlas could lift more than an aeroplane because he could carry the whole world on his Back !!


And he invented map books.
Fledgling science site at http://www.sciencefile.org/SF/content/view/54/98/ needs members and original articles. If you can help, please join.

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Offline rosalind dna

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #24 on: 27/06/2008 10:18:15 »


No. Hermes is a aircraft carrier. That wingy-footed shirt-lifter could never carry an aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlas_(mythology)
The Greek God Atlas could lift more than an aeroplane because he could carry the whole world on his Back !!


And he invented map books.

That Atlas is just part of a myth not real like the Cartographer (map-maker), Mercator was and he made the first world cylindrical maps too.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerardus_Mercator
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercator_projection

I like that word Cartography as well, after all maps of all sorts affect us all daily whether it's the book version or the SatNavs etc.

Rosalind Franklin was my first cousin and one my life's main regrets is that I never met this brilliant and beautiful lady.
She discovered the Single DNA Helix in 1953, then it was taken by Wilkins without her knowledge or agreeement.

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Offline iko

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #25 on: 27/06/2008 11:16:56 »


No. Hermes is a aircraft carrier. That wingy-footed shirt-lifter could never carry an aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlas_(mythology)
The Greek God Atlas could lift more than an aeroplane because he could carry the whole world on his Back !!


And he invented map books.

That Atlas is just part of a myth not real like the Cartographer (map-maker), Mercator was and he made the first world cylindrical maps too.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerardus_Mercator
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercator_projection

I like that word Cartography as well, after all maps of all sorts affect us all daily whether it's the book version or the SatNavs etc.



Most importantly, Atlas invented this special bone&joint
which makes you shake your head desperately...
when you read some dumb questions in here! [;D]




« Last Edit: 27/06/2008 11:22:27 by iko »

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Offline Alan McDougall

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #26 on: 27/06/2008 18:46:51 »






                               
                            KNOWLEDGE






The Truth remains the Truth regardless of our beliefs or opinions the Truth is always the Truth even if we know it or do not know it (The Truth remains the Truth)

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Offline DoctorBeaver

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #27 on: 27/06/2008 20:36:55 »


No. Hermes is a aircraft carrier. That wingy-footed shirt-lifter could never carry an aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlas_(mythology)
The Greek God Atlas could lift more than an aeroplane because he could carry the whole world on his Back !!


And he invented map books.

That Atlas is just part of a myth not real like the Cartographer (map-maker), Mercator was and he made the first world cylindrical maps too.


What an idiot. Everyone knows the world isn't cylindrical  [::)]
Fledgling science site at http://www.sciencefile.org/SF/content/view/54/98/ needs members and original articles. If you can help, please join.

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Offline rosalind dna

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« Reply #28 on: 27/06/2008 21:00:04 »
When Mercator researched his maps, everyone thought that the world was FLAT !!
I know that the world is round, then they didn't have the technology that we do now.

Wiki


The Mercator projection is a cylindrical map projection presented by the Flemish geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator, in 1569. It became the standard map projection for nautical purposes because of its ability to represent lines of constant true bearing or true course, known as rhumb lines, as straight line segments. While the direction and shapes are accurate on a Mercator projection, it distorts size, in an increasing degree away from
Rosalind Franklin was my first cousin and one my life's main regrets is that I never met this brilliant and beautiful lady.
She discovered the Single DNA Helix in 1953, then it was taken by Wilkins without her knowledge or agreeement.

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Offline DoctorBeaver

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« Reply #29 on: 27/06/2008 22:24:18 »
When Mercator researched his maps, everyone thought that the world was FLAT !!


No they didn't. That the world was a sphere had been known since Aristotle's time.
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Offline rosalind dna

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« Reply #30 on: 27/06/2008 23:03:24 »
When Mercator researched his maps, everyone thought that the world was FLAT !!


No they didn't. That the world was a sphere had been known since Aristotle's time.

Then why did the Ancient Greek Sailors as legend says that they would fall of the ends of the flat earth?
Rosalind Franklin was my first cousin and one my life's main regrets is that I never met this brilliant and beautiful lady.
She discovered the Single DNA Helix in 1953, then it was taken by Wilkins without her knowledge or agreeement.

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Offline DoctorBeaver

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« Reply #31 on: 28/06/2008 09:17:01 »
You've been watching too many Hollywood movies.

from http://www.iki.rssi.ru/mirrors/stern/stargaze/Scolumb.htm

Today it is well known that the Earth is a sphere, or very close to one (its equator bulges out a bit because of the Earth's rotation). When Christopher Columbus proposed to reach India by sailing west from Spain, he too knew that the Earth was round.

from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Columbus

Following Washington Irving's 1828 biography of Columbus, Americans commonly believed Columbus had difficulty obtaining support for his plan because Europeans thought the Earth was flat.[4] In fact, the primitive maritime navigation of the time relied on the stars and the curvature of the spherical Earth. The knowledge that the Earth was spherical was widespread and the means of calculating its diameter using an astrolabe was known to both scholars and navigators[5]. The spherical view of the earth had been the general opinion of Ancient Greek science, and continued as the standard view in the Middle Ages (for example of Bede in The Reckoning of Time). In fact the Earth had generally been believed to be spherical since the 4th century BCE by most scholars and almost all navigators[citation needed], and Eratosthenes had measured the diameter of the Earth with good precision in the second century BC[6].

from http://iq.lycos.co.uk/qa/show/17270/Who+discovered+that+the+world+was+round%3F/

Nobody is sure who first deduced that the world is round. It is most likely that it was done by observing the Earth's shadow on the Moon during a lunar eclipse. Aristotle (384-322 BC) said that it was common knowledge, at least among the learned, so it's been known for at least 2,500 years.
We do know that Eratosthenes of Cyrene was the first to accurately estimate the Earth's diameter, around 220 BC. How he did it is detailed at Astronomy Online.

What he did was use the information that, at noon on the Summer Solstice, the sun shone to the bottom of a well in Syene (now called Aswan), Egypt. This meant that the sun was making a 90 angle to the ground on that day, in Syene.

Eratosthenes then measured the angle of sunlight to the ground in Alexandria, Egypt, at noon on the same day. He used that angle to calculate what fraction of the Earth's circumference (which is 360) was between Alexandria and Syene. Since he knew the distance to Syene, and that it was exactly south of Alexandria, he was able to calculate the Earth's circumference.
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blakestyger

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #32 on: 28/06/2008 11:23:34 »
I thought a cartographer was someone who designed menus.

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Offline rosalind dna

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« Reply #33 on: 28/06/2008 12:34:26 »
I thought a cartographer was someone who designed menus.

NO, a cartographer is a map-maker and it's a Greek Word (I don't understand that language)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cartography
Rosalind Franklin was my first cousin and one my life's main regrets is that I never met this brilliant and beautiful lady.
She discovered the Single DNA Helix in 1953, then it was taken by Wilkins without her knowledge or agreeement.

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blakestyger

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What are your favourite Scientific Words
« Reply #34 on: 28/06/2008 13:04:43 »
Thats right, it's from ΚΑΡΤOΣ (a menu) and ΓΡΑΦOΣ ( a designer).

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Offline RD

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« Reply #35 on: 28/06/2008 14:38:48 »
Arsole.
It's an organic molecule, honest it is ...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsole

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Offline rosalind dna

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« Reply #36 on: 28/06/2008 15:29:44 »
Arsole.
It's an organic molecule, honest it is ...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsole

Here is a short explanation of a Molecule - A french word.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecules

Join that up with a Chromosome and you get DNA.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosomes
Rosalind Franklin was my first cousin and one my life's main regrets is that I never met this brilliant and beautiful lady.
She discovered the Single DNA Helix in 1953, then it was taken by Wilkins without her knowledge or agreeement.

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Offline RD

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« Reply #37 on: 28/06/2008 16:57:12 »
Fucitol, is another organic compound.
It and other comic compounds can be found here.

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Offline Bored chemist

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« Reply #38 on: 28/06/2008 17:29:58 »
If your favourite word is phenolphthalein, shouldn't you be able to spell it?
Please disregard all previous signatures.

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blakestyger

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« Reply #39 on: 28/06/2008 19:39:12 »
Here is a short explanation of a Molecule - A french word.

Yeah, and it was Descartes who coined it - the greatest original thinker EVER, and he wasn't even a scientist but a philosopher [::)].

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Offline DoctorBeaver

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« Reply #40 on: 28/06/2008 20:29:05 »
Isn't a molecule a small mole?  [???]
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Offline RD

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« Reply #41 on: 28/06/2008 21:14:30 »
Yeah, and it was Descartes who coined it - the greatest original thinker EVER, and he wasn't even a scientist but a philosopher [::)].

A "freelance philosopher" such as yourself should know that the predecessor of modern science was "natural philosophy"...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_philosophy 

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Offline rosalind dna

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« Reply #42 on: 28/06/2008 21:22:54 »
Isn't a molecule a small mole?  [???]

LOL LOL LOL LOL
Rosalind Franklin was my first cousin and one my life's main regrets is that I never met this brilliant and beautiful lady.
She discovered the Single DNA Helix in 1953, then it was taken by Wilkins without her knowledge or agreeement.

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blakestyger

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« Reply #43 on: 29/06/2008 23:32:39 »
A "freelance philosopher" such as yourself should know that the predecessor of modern science was "natural philosophy"...

Surely - but what I intended was that he was more interested in the 'mind' bit and the abstract ideas of mathematics rather than the deterministic/material stuff like  mucking about with apparatus. Although he did fiddle with compasses and hydrostatics and was interested in medicine and the prolonging of life as well as dissecting and vivisecting animals. On reflection he was probably more 'scientific' in the modern sense than is generally thought as he is remembered mostly for the epistemological - "What can I know?" - stuff.