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Introduction Spiders usually have eight eyes (some have 6 or fewer), but few have good eyesight. Most are able to detect little more than light-dark intensity changes and rapid movement - enough to stimulate nocturnal web building, hunting or wandering activities, as well as to allow rapid reactions against daytime predators (e.g., by dropping from webs). Some spiders have median eyes that can detect polarised light and they use this ability to navigate while hunting. For most night-active spiders sight is unimportant compared with touch, vibration and taste stimuli. For a few spiders good vision is vital for hunting and capturing prey and for recognising mates and rivals. They include the day active jumping spiders and flower spiders, and the wolf spiders and net-casting spiders, more often seen by twilight or later at night.