0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.
If you are allergic to something, could being exposed to whatever you are allergic to in everincreasing doses cure your allergy?
Immunotherapy is indicated for patients with dangerous allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) to stinging insects like bees, wasps, and the imported South American Fire Ant. It may also be indicated for patients with hay fever or asthma in whom it is difficult or impossible to successfully avoid the cause; Medication does not work; Medication causes side-effects; An alternative to medication is needed. Immunotherapy is occasionally recommended for the treatment of atopic eczema. It is not currently recommended for the treatment of food allergy, or for insect or tick bites, because it doesn't appear to work. There are commercial extracts available for the imported South American Fire Ant which was identified for the first time in Australia during 2002. Unfortunately, there are no commercially available vaccines yet for the Australian Jumper Ant, although research in this area is under way.
Immunotherapy injections work in both children and adults. They are generally safe to give to pregnant women. Some doctors recommend stopping treatment during pregnancy. This is not because immunotherapy could cause malformations in the developing baby, but because of the concern that, in the case of a rare adverse reaction to the treatment, the fetus may suffer from oxygen deprivation. When dangerous allergic reactions to insect stings occur, immunotherapy may be advised regardless of age. In older patients, immunotherapy may not be recommended as they may have a reduced capacity to cope with side-effects. When treating non-life threatening allergies like hay fever, young children may be difficult to convince of the benefits. Nevertheless, research suggests that immunotherapy is especially effective when started early in life, soon after the development of allergies. The evidence is particularly strong that, in children, immunotherapy prevents future sensitization (the development of new allergies).
Itchiness, swelling, and redness at the site of injection are expected. Systemic reactions such as hives or anaphylaxis occur rarely and need to be treated immediately. If such reactions occur, the allergy specialist will adjust the dosage to a safe level. Patients are advised or required to wait in the clinic for 20-30 minutes so that they can be treated immediately in the case that they develop a severe systemic reaction. The risk of a systemic reaction is reduced if the patient avoids exercising or overheating for a few hours before and after the procedure. Some heart and blood pressure medications such as beta-blockers are contraindicated as well.The physician should be consulted if the patient notices a worsening of allergy symptoms or if he or she is suffering from a cold or has been undergoing a different kind of vaccination procedure. Immunotherapy does not increase the risk of contracting a cold.
with hay fever or asthma in whom it is difficult or impossible to successfully avoid the cause; Medication does not work; Medication causes side-effects