Search

 This example of fMRI data shows regions of activation including primary visual cortex (V1, BA17), extrastriate visual cortex and lateral geniculate body in a comparison between a task involving a complex moving visual stimulus and rest condition...

Mind-reading MRIs

... is fMRI?  How does it work? Jack -   Well fMRI measures brain activity, but it does it rather indirectly.  It ... encoding model that describes how the movies or the still images are translated into changes in blood flow in that ... So if you show someone thousands and thousands of still images or say, a few hours of movies, you can actually build ...

Movies of the Mind

... have successfully decoded and reconstructed the visual images experienced by volunteers, viewing a sequence of Hollywood movies. Scanning the brain using functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI, they matched up how changes in the moving images correlated with changes in brain activity. They were ...

 Original - This artist’s impression of the distant galaxy SMM J2135-0102 shows large bright clouds a few hundred light-years in size, which are regions of active star formation. These “star factories” are similar in size to those in the Milky Way,...

What do human brains tell us?

Now, over to Dr. Maurice Curtis, Deputy Director of this brain bank on some of the results from the samples to date. ... things I've been interested in are the stem cells in the brain.  These are cells that have the capacity to divide and ... type in the whole body actually.  but in this case in the brain, they would normally go on to become either glial cells ...

Naked Thoughts : Seeing the Brain in Action

... allowing us to see thoughts as they occur within the human brain. How? First, imagine a pool, the water fantastically ... of the brain. By using a precise combination of sound and images in their new advert, could they cause that region of ... old copy of Nineteen Eighty Four. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS All images courtesy of Dr Mark Lythgoe, a Neurophysiologist and ...

Brain

Brain scan for epilepsy

Epilepsy is a brain condition that causes patients to fit and lose ... person's quality of life. Now, scientists have developed a brain scanning technique that can find the source of a ... it work? How have you done this? Kate - We performed brain images on a special MRI scanner. To the patient, this is very ...

Mind Reading a Reality?

... in Kyoto have reproduced an image based on how the brain responds - effectively reading the brain. Yoichi ... recognise what happens in the brain in response to certain images, and the system was then able to accurately reproduce images that the subject had not seen before. The images were ...

A PET scan, illustrating of Schizophrenia's effect on the brain

Hallucinations and Delusions in Schizophrenia

... a bit of both. Chris - What's actually going on in the brain of someone, say, who's having an hallucination or ... in some cases your seventies.  What's going on in the brain to suddenly make this come out when we're that bit ... One possibility is that schizophrenia arises once the brain is fully matured.  It's only at the time that somebody ...

The chimpanzee - mankinds closest primate relative.

Apeing the way we see Faces

... faces, and now researchers have found the part of the brain responsible - and it's basically the same bit of the brain that works in humans! Understanding how a chimpanzee's ... chimps also performed the same task with non-face clipart images.  The measure of activity for the two tasks was ...

Cyborg mask

What's it like to live as a cyborg?

... we're using neural signals that are signalled from my brain to control the robot hand in various places of ... blind.  All sorts of different cases where the person's brain is functioning perfectly okay, but there is a problem ... open up all sorts of communicating in terms of thoughts, images, feelings, emotions a much broader range of ...

A child sleeping

Can computers read our dreams?

... scanners are able to map out which areas of a subject's brain are active, by monitoring the flow of oxygenated blood ... activity were when their subjects saw particular visual images during wakefulness, versus when similar objects were ... comparison, the team used internet search engines to find images of the kinds of objects that their subjects often ...

Brain invasion: why music can frighten us

... to find out why it is so effective from measuring the brain's responses to music." Part of the challenge here is ... is unclear what (if any) function music could play in the brain, making it difficult to know where to start looking for ... occurring in different areas of the brain. The resulting images of brain activity revealed exactly the sort of pattern ...

CT Scan

CT Scans, Nuclear Medicine and PET imaging

... how standard radiography using x-rays was used to form images of the insides of our bodies. Now I want to talk about ... you get another slice, and so on until you have a set of images encompassing the part of the patient you are ... in general. Let's put it into context by thinking about brain imaging. Before CT, there were two methods for ...

Highlights from the Society for Neuroscience Meeting 2010

... and the progress they're making in understanding how the brain works.  Naked Scientist Smitha Mundasad was there for ... from room to room in a familiar place.  Analysing the brain activity from these two different scenarios, the ... performing this task and be blipping in very brief cocaine images and be able to actually see the brain struggling to ...

Unsegmented ribbon of worm next to fragments of inflamed brain

Help! There's a worm in my brain

... Brit who discovered he had a tapeworm living in his brain. It took over four years for scientists to uncover what ... all the while the worm was squirming across the man's brain. The tapeworm, called a sparganum, has never before ... fingerprint. This first-thought rapidly paid off: digital images and copies of the microscope slides proved sufficient ...

Nosey Brains Pivotal to Mammal Success

... lead author of the study. To understand how the mammalian brain evolved, the researchers studied two tiny fossilised ... or CT, whereby a computer generates three-dimensional images of an object using X-rays. This is the same technique ... to visualise the inside of a patient's body. "As the brain inflates and grows, it grows very rapidly, and it ...

A hand

Hand preference arises from a competition in the brain

... have come a little bit closer to understanding how the brain chooses which hand to use for any particular action. ... of right-handed people and instructed them to reach for images placed on a table. The participants could use either hand to pick the images up, and these images were in different places on the ...

Hands washing

Mind the Brain: How OCD patients get stuck in thoughts and behaviours

... disorders are not associated with any clear lesion of the brain. This distinguishes psychiatric conditions from ... Imaging (MRI) has allowed scientists to scrutinise the brain and, by doing so, find evidence of functional and ... forward in understanding the relationship between such brain abnormalities and cognitive traits characterising ...

Optical Illusion 3 - Beau Lotto

Learning from Bee Brains

... of light that fall on our eyes.  We've just heard how the brain can interpret that light differently depending on what ... behaviour in the past? Meera -   So having used all these images and knowing what you know so far, do you know much ... is that they see colour and we see colour.  Their brain is able to resolve the ambiguity of light stimuli and ...

The Brain

Understanding Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury, also known as TBI, is often similar to other ... The most important organ in the human body, the brain, is contained inside the skull and it is also suspended ... the blow can either penetrate the cranium or it causes the brain to crash against the inside of the skull, damaging ...

Ultrasound and MRI

... sound waves instead of ionizing radiation to form images. The sound waves are emitted by a hand-held ... affairs, which produced low resolution black and white images. Even so, the potential of the technique was obvious, ... gobsmacked (see figure 5, for images of our webmaster's brain - said to be normal! - coming shortly). Scanners now ...

A couple of guys sleeping near the Kiosko Alfonso in A Coruña (Galicia, España.)

A Researchers Pick of Neuroscience News

... able to identify a specific subset of cells growing within brain tumours, a kind of cancer stem cell and these cells are ... paper I'd like to talk about describes what happens to the brain when you learn a second language. Now a lot of people ... nerve tracts of the brain. Now the scientists took monthly images of the brains of 27 people. Of those 27 people, 11 ...

Mapping the emotion of words

... form of mind reading, scientists have decoded patterns of brain activity that accurately predict whether a human ... by distinct spatial patterns of activity in the brain which are similar from person to person. Ethofer and ... of activity in their auditory cortex, the part of the brain that is responsible for processing sounds. The ...

3D glasses

Glasses-free 3D displays

... at Hewlett-Packard have come up with a way to deliver 3D images on mobiles, televisions and tablet computer screens ... separated by about 6cm. Each eye sees, and feeds to the brain, a slightly different but overlapping view of the ... To recreate this effect using a flat screen, two separate images need to be fed to each eye individually. ...

Makes the hairs on the back of your neck stand up...

New therapy for phobias

... the University of Cambridge have found a way train your brain to overcome a phobia unconsciously. Ben Seymour told ... you to lie in a brain scanner and look at these different images. Over the past few years, we and others have developed ... patterns of brain activity. So, for instance, for visual images it's now possible to decode with quite considerable ...

Dog doing a trick

Teaching old dogs new tricks

... you already knew more easily too! Stanford University brain scientist Carla Shatz explained to Chris Smith how this ... During a critical period of postnatal development, the brain learns how to combine the separate images from the two eyes into one single seamless binocular ...