On Changing our Perception of a ‘Black Hole’.

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Offline RTCPhysics

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The nature of ‘black holes’ is slowly being revealed, as improved technology allows us to take a closer look at them. The formation of 'black holes' is thought to arise from the collapse of ageing 'red giant' stars, but the ongoing creation of multiple black holes within a galaxy of a billion stars can lead their merger, forming 'supermassive' black holes. One 'supermassive' black hole can act as a 'gravitational hub' around which all the stars in its galaxy orbit. But the question posed here is "Are they really ‘black holes’?"
1. A ‘black hole’ could in reality be a ‘black sphere’, which, when viewed from any angle at a distance, would appear as a ‘black hole’.

2. Matter that accumulates on the scale of a 'black hole' would always form into a sphere, shaped by its own gravitational forces.   

3. The ‘black sphere’ is built by amassing protons and neutrons into a single clump, resulting in an ‘atomic nucleus’ of epic proportions.

4. The denseness of this proton-neutron based ‘black sphere’, explains the massive strength of its gravitational field for an object of relatively small size.

5. Just like any star, the ‘black sphere’ will also have an intense magnetic field, emanating from the magnetic property of the protons and neutrons that make up its existence and this plays a role in the ejection of electrons in plasma jets or the creation of bursts of high energy radiant energy.
6. Black holes accumulate stars in their entirety, but stars are largely comprised of helium and hydrogen atoms and become stretched out into plasma streams orbiting around the 'black sphere'. The heavier hydrogen and helium nuclei are separated out from the lighter electrons by a 'gravitational stripping' process, which overcomes the electromagnetic attraction between nuclei and electrons. The protons of the nuclei and the electrons also have opposite charges, which causes them to be deflected in opposite directions when they enter the magnetic field of the 'black sphere' and this increases the separation process of electron from nuclei. But the magnetic deflection of the heavier nuclei is not strong enough to overcome the gravitational attraction of the 'black sphere and so they continue to spiral into the surface of the ’black sphere’, but the lighter electrons, being subjected to a much weaker gravitational attraction, are deflected off into space. 

7. As part of this process of gravitational separation of electrons from their nuclei, the electrons undergo acceleration by the magnetic field of the 'black sphere', which creates visible light emissions from within the orbiting clouds of hydrogen and helium gas. The electrons exiting from the 'black sphere's' gravitational influence as plasma jets, continue with varying intensity until all of the star is consumed. Alternatively, in certain unspecified situations, the electrons can also undergo transformation into radiant energy, generating x-ray flares or gamma ray bursts.

8. Denuding the ‘black sphere’ of any electron content is the explanation of why a ‘black sphere’ is unable to emit light of any frequency.

So what is the outcome arising from this change of perception from a ‘black hole’ into a 'black sphere’?

1. The ‘black sphere’ is a three dimensional entity that we can relate to and is no longer a ‘black hole’ in the structure of space, tunnelling like a 'whirlpool' to an unknown destination!

2. ‘Black spheres’ located in galaxies would always be visually detectable through the blockage of light from the stars behind them and this is independent of the angle from which they are viewed. A ‘black hole’, however, can only be detected from above and below. Viewed from the side, the ‘black hole’ itself would not be visible, their presence only detectable by the spiralling of matter around them and any radiant energy streams they intermittently generate.
3. Rather than light being unable to escape from the gravitational field of a ‘black sphere’, the lack of electrons in a ‘black sphere’, simply means that it is physically unable to emit any light.

4. By stripping the nuclei of their electrons, through the combined action action of the ‘black sphere’s’ gravitational and magnetic fields, the creation of a massive nucleus is a credible phenomenon. Without electrons, the 'radioactive emission' of beta particles that we see from the heavier elements of the Periodic Table, just isn’t possible. In this situation, the strong force takes over from the weak force and it can bind nuclei together without limit.

Authors Note:  Scanning through the internet articles upon the topic of ‘black holes’, I was recently pleased to come across one from the NASA organisation, which also promoted the concept of a ‘black hole’ as being a ‘black sphere of matter'.

I quote the article’s first line: “Don't let the name fool you: a black hole is anything but empty space. Rather, it is a great amount of matter packed into a very small area - think of a star ten times more massive than the Sun squeezed into a sphere, approximately the diameter of New York City.”

So although it took away any novelty from my own perception, written here as item 1., it was reassuring to know that there is at least one other person or team, who have reached the same conclusion. If more people have, then it could be a very useful advance to the science of astrophysics, if the concept of ‘black holes’ in space, is replaced with the concept of 'black spherical bodies of matter' located within galaxies, which conform to the laws of gravity.
« Last Edit: 11/07/2016 22:07:34 by RTCPhysics »