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A piece of iron ordinarily will be attracted to a magnet, but when you heat the iron to a high enough temperature (called the Curie point), it loses its ability to be magnetized. Heat energy scrambles the iron atoms so they canít line up and create a magnetic field.
Water is well known for its astonishing range of unusual properties, and now Thomas Mattsson and Michael Desjarlais of Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico have suggested yet another one. They found that water should have a metallic phase at temperatures of 4000 K and pressures of 100 Gpa= about 1 million atmosphere, which are a good deal more accessible than earlier calculations had indicated.
I am not sure, if much work has been done with metallic iron under such extreme conditions to see if the electrons are in higher energy levels, than used for magnetism.
Where are the electrical currents?
The oxidation; rusting, is releasing electrons from the iron core's surface, which drives the core engine, with the currents setting up the magnetic field. The oxidation, in turn...
... observations indicating that in fact there is a degree of disorder within the inner core. Seismologists have found that the inner core is not completely uniform, but instead contains large-scale structures such that seismic waves pass more rapidly through some parts of the inner core than through others. In addition, the properties of the inner core's surface vary from place to place across distances as small as 1 km. This variation is surprising, since lateral temperature variations along the inner-core boundary are known to be extremely small (this conclusion is confidently constrained by magnetic field observations). Recent discoveries suggest that the solid inner core itself is composed of layers, separated by a transition zone about 250 to 400 km thick. If the inner core grows by small frozen sediments falling onto its surface, then some liquid can also be trapped in the pore spaces and some of this residual fluid may still persist to some small degree in much of its interior.