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No. Salt does not evaporate with the water.Think about it - water that evaporates from the sea could fall as rain over land. If salt evaporated with the water then rivers & lakes would also be salty.Try a simple experiment. Get a saucer of brine & leave it on a windowsill. Eventually the water will evaporate & you will be left with a salty sediment in the saucer.Say "Thank you, Doc" 
Is the rain at sea salty ?
Quote Is the rain at sea salty ?Yes, it is possible that rain can be salty. If you lived near the coast then it could be that salt acted as the condensation nuclei for the rain. It is also possible that the falling rain could pick up some salt from spray, if there was a storm for example.
So the question must be asked, why is sea water salty in the first place? I think some bored geologist might have the answer. I think I know but need confirmation.
Start retracting, Sheepy!Every rain drop has some piece of "something" in the middle that the water attaches to (or condenses on, to be more correct). Generally, this is a bit of dust or something and is referred to as the "condensation nuclei."The particles may be composed of dust or clay, soot or black carbon from grassland or forest fires, sea salt from ocean wave spray, soot from factory smokestacks or internal combustion engines, sulfate from volcanic activity, phytoplankton or the oxidation of sulfur dioxide and secondary organic matter formed by the oxidation of volatile organic compounds.A typical raindrop is about 2 mm in diameter, a typical cloud droplet is on the order of 0.02 mm, and a typical cloud condensation nucleus (aerosol) is on the order of 0.0001 mm or 0.1 micrometer or greater in diameter.Now, here's the kicker! "Rainwater gets its compositions largely by dissolving particulate materials in the atmosphere (upper troposhere) when droplets of water nucleate on atmospheric particulates, and secondarily by dissolving gasses from the atmosphere. Rainwater compositions vary geographically. In open ocean and coastal areas they have a salt content essentially like that of sea water (same ionic proportions but much more dilute) plus CO2 as bicarbonate anion (acidic pH)."http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/GG/ASK/rain2.htmlBut, as a caveat to the Beave, this is ionic, so it wouldn't taste salty like seawater. It is so dilute that it could be considered effectively non-salty.
Thank ewe Paul Should I retract my thanks to the Beave ?