What is consciousness and how does it begin?

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Offline coberst

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What is consciousness and how does it begin?
« on: 31/10/2008 07:32:30 »
Birth of Consciousness

Many non human creatures have emotions—“human emotions however have evolved to making connections to complex ideas, values, principles, and judgments”—thus human emotion is special—the impact of feelings on humans is the result of consciousness—a distinct difference between feeling and knowing a feeling—“neither the emotion or the feeling caused by the emotion is conscious”—these things happen in a biological state—there are three stages here; emotion, feeling, and consciousness of feeling—consciousness must be present if feelings have an influence beyond the here and the now—consciousness is tooted in the representation of the body.

We need not be conscious of the emotion or the inducer of the emotion—we are about as effective in stopping an emotion as in stopping a sneeze.

“Emotions are about the life of an organism, its body to be precise, and their role is to assist the organism in maintaining life…emotions are biologically determined processes, depending upon innately set brain devices, laid down by long evolutionary history…The devices that produce emotions…are part of a set of structures that both regulate and represent body states…All devices can be engaged automatically, without conscious deliberation…The variety of the emotional responses is responsible for profound changes in both the body landscape and the brain landscape.  The collection of these changes constitutes the substrate for the neural patterns which eventually become feelings of emotion.”

The biological function of emotions is to produce an automatic action in certain situations and to regulate the internal processes so that the creature is able to support the action dictated by the situation.  The biological purpose of emotions are clear, they are not a luxury but a necessity for survival.

“It is through feelings, which are inwardly directed and private, that emotions, which are outwardly directed and public, begin their impact on the mind; but the full and lasting impact of feelings requires consciousness, because only along with the advent of a sense of self do feelings become known to the individual having them.”

Damasio proposes “that the term feeling should be reserve for the private, mental experience of an emotion, while the term emotion should be used to designate the collection of responses, many of which are publicly observable.”  This means that while we can observe our own private feelings we cannot observe these same feelings in others.

Core consciousness—“occurs when the brain’s representation devices generate an imaged, nonverbal account of how the organism’s own state is affected by the organism’s processing  of an object, and when this process enhances  the image of the causative object, thus placing it saliently  in a spatial and temporal context”

First, there is emotion, then comes feeling, then comes consciousness of feeling. There is no evidence that we are conscious of all our feelings, in fact evidence indicates that we are not conscious of all feelings.

Quotes from “The Feeling of What Happens” by Antonio Damasio

« Last Edit: 31/10/2008 23:20:02 by chris »


Offline wannabe

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What is consciousness and how does it begin?
« Reply #1 on: 01/11/2008 14:39:08 »
At the simplest level, consciousness is awareness of inner states, inner as in neurological activity states. I would argue that the emotional array of neurological states is not the equivalent of awareness, nor is it the sole embodiment of awareness. Example: thinking about an experience can evoke memory of visual experience, including shape, color etc.; smell and the associated parameters; conversation/interaction with others and the exchange of language embedded action. Each of those rely on memory formed in unique regions of the brain and each can have their unique emotional qualities. This steers my thinking toward the concept of awareness/consciousness to the ongoing evaluation of sensory input and the interaction thereof with memory of any and all that deemed relevant at the awareness moment.
The emotional correlates are merely functions, evoked as one of the tools protecting the conscious person/animal from misjudgement.
The postulate that consciousness is unique to humans rests on the wobbly assumption that humans have a brain structure uniquely different than animals: firstly, the higher up the ladder one goes to greater the correlation in neural structures becomes; secondly, observation of animals reveal all the signs and evidence of awareness of sensory input and correlating this input with remembered experience. And having these guided by emotional activity goes without saying. I would go so far as to say that the foregoing totally applies to my canine companions who manage to behave and do pretty much everything I've been observing/exposed to by my human companions, main difference being that they communicate without grammatical language. But fully conscious they are.
When does consciousness begin? At the completion of the building of neuronal structures needed for sensory input evaluation, long term memory ability thereof and the coming on line of language abilities. Age 1.5 y to 2 y I would say.