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There can be no morality without law but there can be law without morality.
Law can create particular obligations but law cannot create a law that dictates an obligation to obey law. Law can punish but cannot create the general obligation to obey law. Such an obligation comes via moral character. “Morality must be distinguished from self-interest, although the two can often coincide…What is the rational ground for morality and its obligation?”
The rational ground for morality rests upon the need for mutual cooperation within a community. With mutual cooperation comes mutual dependence. Mutual cooperation demands trust, which relies upon honesty. Honesty implies obligation. Violence destroys cooperation.
Cooperation is essential for social life; only if we wish to withdraw into isolation can we afford to ignore cooperation. Empirically we can find cooperation within every community. Morality is about human relationships thus empirically we can find both the need and presence of morality in all communities.
Three factors are important here: differences in religion, differences in politics, and differences in production and economic relations.
A diversity of moral codes within a community can be accepted but primary loyalty to all within the community must be to the community and not to particular groups or classes within the community. Those values that unite must be more important than those that divide.
Public interest, when properly understood, forms the “rational basis of both government and politics”.
Is there a Rational Ground for Morality?
Quote from: coberst on 10/04/2009 10:19:32Is there a Rational Ground for Morality?Absolutely.........!Where do you think law has it's foundation? Law is the result of an interpretation of moral standing....................Ethos
Our moral codes are dramatically different throughout the world.
Our moral codes are dramatically different throughout the world. Does civil law reflect that same dramatic difference?