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.. focus our efforts on eliminating particulate emissions in the near term. ..
.. Many types of aerosols (extremely fine particles), often carried to the polar regions from afar by winds, settle upon snow and become trapped within ice. These aerosols can include soot produced by burning (forest fires, slash-and-burn agriculture, industrial output from smokestacks, etc.), ash from volcanic eruptions, and dust from large-scale dust storms. ..
.. millions of tons of CO2 into the atmosphere ..
.. old Diesel banger ..
.. the rate of ice melt in the polar regions ..
.. Dr. Hans Ahlman, the distinguished Geographer of Sweden, tells of startling climatic changes in the polar regions which he believes will affect the whole world. Speaking before the Geographical Institute of the University of California in Los Angeles, Dr. Ahlman said: "Northern oceanic waters are distinctly warmer than they were in 1900; waters in the critical Spitzbergen area have shown a 3-5 degrees F rise, arctic air temperatures have soared 10 degrees F in that period" -- an increase of temperature described by Dr. Ahlman as enormous. In the meantime the increase in the annual melting of the northern ice fields is causing an average rise in sea level of 1-11/2 mm each year. The professor points out that should the Greenland icecap, which is some 10,000 feet in depth, completely melt, large areas of coastal lowlands would be submerged, including many of the world's large seaports. Strangely enough, one result of the arctic conditions is found in the tropics, where a marked decrease in rainfall has been noted. ..
”Science is the belief in the ignorance of the experts" – Richard Feynman
It seems like some think it would be a short time solution to reduce the warming globally but most agree that it's only a short term solution as I read it?Take a look here ...sorry, you cannot view external links. To see them, please
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Professor Keith Shine .. directed me to a 1995 paper by Professor Ramanathan .. For me, the important points made by Prof. Ramanathan are that: 1) CO2 is not a significant climate driver, 2) the aqua-sphere is far more significant, 3) the response of the continents to global temperature changes depends significantly upon ocean thermal inertia, 4) climate scientists have a poor understanding of ocean thermal inertia. .. I was then directed to a 2008 publication .. in which .. Prof Ramanathan says there is enough CO2 in the atmosphere to warm the planet by 2-2.5C and that the reason the globe hasn't heated up so much as it should is because of human-made atmospheric aerosol pollutants, but we'll suffer when we clean up our emissions of these. .. his "Testimony to the House Committee on oversight and Government Reform" only one year earlier .. Professor Ramanathan testified on the "Role of Black Carbon in Global and Regional Climate Changes" saying "Thus, next to Carbon Dioxide (CO2), black carbon (BC) in soot particles is potentially the second major contributor to the observed twentieth century global warming". Then I was directed to .. in which Professor Ramanathan's abstract ends "the surface cooling effect of ABCs may have masked as much 47% of the global warming by greenhouse gases, with an uncertainty range of 20–80%.These references suggest that Professor Ramanathan has changed his mind completely regarding the influence of aerosol pollutants from cooling to warming to cooling in two years.
.. Different types of aerosols have different effects (e.g. sulphate aerosols are cooling, while black carbon has a warming effect), but the net effect is through to be negative) .. The effects of aerosols on climate are important, but are one of the largest sources of uncertainty in current climate projections ..