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You can do this to some degree.Reentry is to do with 'ballistic coefficient' - how heavy it is per unit area, and lifting coefficient (for these vehicles a lift/drag ratio between 0 and about 4).Basically, if you have a light, big vehicle with lots of lift (which is hard to do at reentry speeds) then you can take much longer to reenter, but you reenter at higher altitude. It turns out that the air temperatures are higher, but the skin temperatures you face when you do that are lower.But there's a price to be paid.Although the peak temperature is a lot lower, the total heat soak is a lot higher because reentry takes longer; so the vehicle usually gets hotter- it has to deal with more heat energy!If I remember correctly, Apollo reentries were fast and heavy, the Shuttle is also pretty fast, although takes a bit longer, the UK's Skylon spaceplane design is pretty slow.But the idea that you could spend a LONG while reentering; you can't, after the reentry interface you're travelling at high hypersonic speeds, and the achievable lift/drag ratio there is about 1. If you could get say 15 you could spend hours reentering, and everything would be much better, but with a ratio near one, once you're past the reentry interface, you're coming down in half an hour or maybe 45 minutes, and you're down.Thrusters aren't a lot of use either, reentry shields give you much, much MUCH better performance for any given weight.
You DO have heat retardant wool, right??